IELTS Writing Task 2 - Topic: THE ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL SOURCE (2023)

IELTS Writing Topics 2019

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1. Nowadays environmental problems are too big to be managed by individual persons or individual countries. In other words, it is an international problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Sample Answer

An essential problem of the 21st century is world pollution. Currently the environment isso much contaminated that urgent measures should be taken. The single individualcannot be blamed for the world pollution, however every person should take care of hisor her habitat. In addition, it is vital that environmental issues should be treatedinternationally.

Lately, many presentations, conferences and international summits are held regardingwaste treatment, recycling, soil and water contamination. For sure joint efforts andconsolidation can only help in the mutual war towards the environmental disaster, whichis going on. For instance, governments should offer support to companies andorganizations, involved in manufacturing, industry or agriculture in order to findenvironment friendly approaches. These could be special law regulations, recyclingprograms, helping courses in order to implement ISO certificates and many more.

However, the influence of individuals over environment should not be ignored. If we donot confess that our planet is our home, we will never be able to take adequately care ofit. We have to contribute every day to the preservation of nature and environment. Forexample, always remember to save energy by switching off lamps, computers andeverything that we do not use. Our next obligation is to separate waste and throw bulkonly in the designated areas. Driving vehicles can also be environment friendly. Forexample, we have to avoid accelerating the engines too rapidly or using the aircondition in the country, where it will be better to save energy and simply open thewindows.

To sum up, environmental problems should be handled by local and internationalauthorities also. Every single person should take care of environment and moreover wehave to bring up our children to be conscious citizens of a clean and preserved planet.

(296 words)

Sample Answer

I think it is true that in almost every country today each household and family producesa large amount of waste every week. Most of this rubbish comes from the packagingfrom the things we buy, such as processed food. But even if we buy fresh food withoutpackaging, we still produce rubbish from the plastic bags used everywhere to carryshopping home.

The reason why we have so much packaging is that we consume so much more on adaily basis than families did in the past. Convenience is also very important in modernlife, so we buy packaging or canned food that can be transported from long distancesand stored untill we need it, first in the supermarket, and then at home.

However, I think the amount of waste produce is also a result of our tendency to usesomething once and throw it away. We forget that even the cheapest plastic bag hasused up valuable resources and energy to produce. We also forget that it is a source ofpollution and difficult to dispose of.

I think, therefore, that governments need to raise this awareness in the general public.Children can be educated about environmental issues at school, but adults need to takeaction. Governments can encourage such action by putting taxes on packaging, such asplastic bags, by providing recycling services and by thing households and shops that donot attempt to recycle their waste.

With the political will, such measures could really reduce the amount of rubbish weproduce. Certainly nobody wants to see our resources used up and our planet poisonedby waste.

(270 words)

3. Scientists and the news media are presenting ever more evidence of climate change. Governmnets cannot be expected to solve this problem. It is the responsibility of individuals to change their lifestyle to prevent further damage.
What are your views?

Sample Answer

Recently scientists worried about climate change have urged governments to introducemeasures to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that are seen as its main cause.Simultaneously, politicians and environmentalists have urged individuals to makechanges to their lifestyle. I shall argue that governments and individuals should take joinresponsibility for this problem.

Firstly, industry accounts for a large proportion of the greenhouse gas emissions, andthis can only be controlled by government action. Measures could be taken todiscourage pollution, such as limiting or taxing the use of fossil fuels. Alternatively,subsidies could be offered to industries to clean up their production processes. If theseideas were adopted, I believe that businesses would regard pollution as a financial issue.

Secondly, only discussion between governments can ensure that solutions aresuccessful. The Kyoto agreement, for example, tried to reach global agreement on howto address the problem. Without such co-operating, it seems to me that efforts to reducefuel consumption are unlikely to be effective.

However, national and international policies will only succeed if individuals also changetheir lifestyle. For example, people could think more carefully about how they useenergy in their homes. By using less electricity, installing energy-efficient light bulbs andelectrical appliances, or investing in solar panels, individuals can make a real difference.

In addition, I think individual attitudes to transport need to change. Instead of makingshort tips by car, people could choose to walk, cycle, or take a bus. Since cars are amajor source of the problem, changing our behaviour in this area would have a majorimpact.

In conclusion, I would maintain that only a combination of international agreement,national policies, and changes in individual behaviour will succeed in preventing furtherdamage to the environment.

(291 words)

4. Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water.
Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Sample Answer

As human’s population is dramatically rising every year, people’s requirements areincreasing too. We need more food, more fresh water, more places to live. As a result ofthis many parts of the world are losing essential and sometimes irreplaceableresources, such as forest, animals, or fresh water. In this essay I will focus on the threatof disappearing many wild animals.

The reason why I think that animals should be preserved is that all living creatures onthis planet are connected with each other. So, the disappearance of only one speciescan cause dramatic changes in the planet and even death of many other livingcreatures. For example, the disappearance of bats will cause the huge increasing ofinsect population and this will reflect on all animals and plants. Another example is thatif the population of bats increases, the population of insects will decrease significantly,and this will cause the disappearance of many plants because insects are the mainpollinators. So, I think it is very important to preserve all species on our planet and livein harmony with our environment.

Another important reason why I think that animals should be saved is that I, personally,do not want my child to learn about different animals from books and not be able to seethem alive. I think it is shameful for humankind to explain our children that we are thereason why those animals disappeared.

In conclusion, I would like to say that the issue about losing important natural resourcesis topical and open for debate nowadays. I believe that together people can make adifference. From my point of view, the first problem we should find a solution for ishuman’s overpopulation. As I mentioned above people’s demands are growing and thismeans we consume more and more natural resources. The second question, which is
on the list of most important issues, is pollution including the air pollution, waterpollution, etc.

(325 words)

5. The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world’s cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more.
Discuss possible ways to encourage the use of public transport.

Sample Answer

Anyone who lives in a city is aware of the increasing number of cars on the road and thekinds of problems this creates: traffic jams, air pollution and longer commuting periods.As economies grow and access to cars spreads to increasing numbers of people, thistrend is likely to worsen. The solution, it would seem, is for government to encouragethe use of public transport in urban areas, thus decreasing dependence on the car.

One way to stimulate public transport use is to make private car use more expensiveand inconvenient. The introduction of tolls along urban motorways has beensuccessfully employed in many cities. Other such measures are high-priced permits forparking in urban areas and the restriction of parking to a limited number of cars. Facedwith high costs or no place to park, commuters would perhaps be more willing toabandon their cars in favour of buses or trains.

There are also less punishing ways of spurring public transport use. The construction offree carparks at suburban train stations has proven successful in quite a number ofcountries. This allows commuters to drive part of the way, but take public transport intothe central, most congested, urban areas.

Indeed, making public transport more comfortable and convenient should work to attractmore commuters and decrease traffic congestion. Public transport that is convenientand comfortable retains its passengers, much like any business that satisfies itscustomers. The more commuters committed to taking public transport, the lesscongestion on city streets.

(252 words)

6. The earth is being filled with waste material such as plastic bags and other rubbish. Is this really happening? What are some solutions to this problem?

Sample Answer

Over the past few decades, the increasing amount of industrial wastes and householdgarbage has become a major problem in many countries. People have questioned whatcaused this problem and what can be done to improve the situation. In my opinion, twoof the most critical causes of this waste material problem are the increasedconsumption and a shortage of space for landfill.

To begin with, modern lifestyle has contributed greatly to the increasing amount ofwaste and garbage we produce everyday. In other words, we have turned into amaterialistic and mass-consumption society where we use more and throw away morethan ever before. Moreover, countries are running out of space to store garbage andwaste material. In fact, securing land for waste disposal raises controversies in manycountries.

To solve this intractable problem, every citizen needs to participate in producing lessgarbage. For example, we can bring our own personal shopping bags instead of usingplastic bags provided by stores and shops. Besides, the government can enforcestricter laws on companies to use biodegradable packaging or use recycled material.Indeed, this alone can eliminate much of the waste which is sent to at land fills.Companies can also contribute by developing new raw material which is recyclable andwill ultimately lead to less garbage. One good example of this is that tire companiesdevelop new tires for cars which are not made of rubber but of new biodegradablematerial.

As discussed above, individuals, business and the government can share theresponsibility to reduce the amount of waste material and to save the earth. I hope thatin the future our offspring will be better off with the well-preserved environment.

(281 words)

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