Grace Wyler, Brett LoGiurato, and Walt Hickey
It's been a big year for politics.
From landmark court decision to seismic shifts in gay marriage and marijuana legislation, to a historic election in which more money was spent and more tweets sent than ever before, the events of 2012 have reshaped the U.S. political landscape, and changed the direction we will take going forward.
Over the course of it all, a group of people emerged who wielded outsize influence and power over the way that the political winds blew this year. We've taken stock of these movers and shakers and narrowed the list down to 36 people who, whether it was from behind the scenes or in the center of the media spotlight, left their indelible mark on U.S. politics in 2012.
Former U.S. President
Unable to resist the lure of a presidential race, Clinton hit the trail for President Barack Obama, campaigning tirelessly as the Democratic Party's most effective surrogate.
Clinton's incredible speech at the Democratic National Convention made a powerful case for Obama's second term, and articulated the party's message in a way that no other Democrat had previously been able to do. The moment arguably won the election for Obama, giving the President a huge boost that carried him through the fall campaign.
Now here are all the reasons to be excited about Clinton's comeback >
Governor, New Jersey
Despite passing up the chance to run for president in 2012, Christie emerged as one of the leading figures of the Republican Party, possibly setting himself up for a 2016 White House bid.
So great was Christie's influence in the 2012 election that Republicans have even blamed him for Mitt Romney's loss, as a result of the New Jersey Governor's Hurricane Sandy embrace of Obama in the final days of the campaign.
But in the wake of the storm, Christie has defied odds in a blue state to become New Jersey’s most popular governor ever. Although Christiehas already announced his intention to run for re-election in New Jersey in 2013, he is likelyto continue to wield lots of power over his party at a national level.
Here's a look back at Christie's breakout year >
Mayor, New York City
To get an idea of Bloomberg's influence, consider this: Is there any other political figure with the power to even consider banning soda?
Bloomberg continued to drive the conversation on two major issues about which he feels passionately — gun control and climate change. In October, heannouncedthe formation of a super PAC supporting candidates who advocate for increased gun control measures, gay marriage and education reform.
His biggest contribution to the political discussion came in early November, when he almost single-handedly made climate change an issue in the final days of the election. In the wake of Hurricane Sandy, he gave his endorsement to Obama, saying the President would be best on handling the issue.
Now, as political attention turns to gun control in the aftermath of the Sandy Hook Elementary School massacre, Bloomberg is once again at the center of the debate as one of the most vocal advocates for curbing gun violence.
CEO, Berkshire Hathaway
Buffett continued to crusade for higher taxes on the wealthy, calling on Congress to enact a minimum tax rate of 30 percent for taxable income between $1 million and $10 million and 35 percent for incomes above that.
Buffett also deepened his support for President Obama, who adopted Buffett's proposals — now known as the "Buffett Rule" — into his own tax plan.
Political consultant, American Crossroads
As the mastermind behind the GOP's largest Super PAC, Rove orchestrated the biggest outside spending effort in any U.S. election ever. Rove was arguably the most influential power-broker on the right, convincing rich conservatives to donate millions to implement his vision for the Republican Party.
For a while, it looked like Rove had actually succeeded in aligning the warring factions of his party, selling them on a plan that he promised would lead to an eventual "permanent majority" in all three branches of government.
In the end, of course, Rove's undertaking failed spectacularly. American Crossroads got about a 1% return on its investment in 2012 campaigns, and conservatives are now blaming the former Bush strategist for their losses this cycle.
First Lady Michelle Obama
First Lady, United States
After a reluctant entrance into campaign politics in 2008, Michelle Obama has taken on an increasingly high-profile role in her husband's administration, primarily through her campaigns to raise awareness about childhood obesity and to help military families.
The First Lady was also consistently more popular than her husband this year, with approval ratings hovering around 66 percent. In 2012, she took on a prominent role as a marquee surrogate and fundraiser for the Obama campaign, giving a powerful convention speech and charming various television hosts and children by being game for pretty much anything.
Love him or hate him, Limbaugh still drives conversation on the right. In 2012, he weathered a storm early in the year when he was criticized for calling women's rights activist Sandra Fluke a "slut" and "prostitute," another spark in the so-called "War on Women."
But Republicans still view Limbaugh as a conservative "guide." One recent example of that came in a report thatRepublicans would "look to Limbaugh" to signal if he would be open to a small increase in marginal tax rates as part of a fiscal cliff deal.
Vice President, United States
One of the most powerful and influential vice presidents in recent memory, Biden flexed his political muscles in 2012 as an effective surrogate for the President on both the campaign trail and the Hill.
Biden stumped early and often for the re-election campaign, coming up with its signature tagline: "Bin Laden is dead, and General Motors is alive." Although Biden's gaffes were numerous — he frequently forgot which state he was campaigning in — the missteps never seriously hurt Obama or his campaign, and Biden even lent the campaign a measure of warmth and humor that the aloof President often lacks.
Speaker, House of Representatives
In the wake of Romney's loss, Boehner has become the de facto leader of the divided Republican Party — an unenviable task as GOP leaders try to get the various factions of their caucus to get behind a fiscal cliff deal.
Still, Boehner is one of only two people who truly matter in negotiations over the fiscal cliff. And while he has taken some heat from conservatives for making concessions to the White House, it appears as though Boehner has more control over his rank-and-file members than he has had since he took the gavel.
Secretary, State Department
Clintontraveled to 42 countries in 2012 alone, responding to crises in the Syria, Libya, and North Korea, and navigating the U.S. changing role in the Middle East, to name just a few of her accomplishments.
As she winds down her final year as Secretary of State,Clintonleaves the administration immensely more popular than she was when she started. Her approval ratings are the highest of her career, hovering around 70%. She even went viral this year, inspiring the popular Texts FromHillarymeme.
WhileClintonremains coy about her future political plans, polls shows that she would have a relatively easy shot at the White House, should she choose to run again in 2016.
Now here are 21 photos that prove Hillary Clinton is a total badass >
Majority Leader, U.S. Senate
The Nevada Democrat revealed his quiet power this summer, when he off-handedly mentioned to a reporter that he had heard from a "credible source" that Romney didn't pay any federal taxes for 10 years.
In all likelihood, Reid's claim didn't have a shred of truth, but that didn't stop the rumor from plaguing the Romney campaign for months. When Romney finally released a notarized letter from his accountant swearing that the Republican presidential candidate had, in fact, paid taxes, it was too late.
Post-election, Reid has continued his trolling, hinting at dissension in the Republican ranks and just generally causing trouble on Capitol Hill.
Charles and David Koch
CEO and Executive Vice President, Koch Industries, Inc.
The billionaire brothers ramped up their battle against President Obama this year, throwing millions into their ongoing effort to unseat the president.
Interestingly, neither Charles nor David Koch actually made any direct donations to political campaigns, instead funneling most of their electioneering money into their right-wing think tank Americans For Prosperity. The organization spent upwards of $30 million on ads supporting Republican candidates and trashing Obama's record. Moreover, the group provided grassroots organizing and support for Republican campaigns, filling in for the national party's lackluster field effort.
President, United States
Obama began the year in a weakened political position, badly damaged by the 2011 budget battles and with his approval ratings at rock bottom.
But over the course of the year, Obama regained command over the power of his office, showcasing assertive leadership in moments of national crisis (Hurricane Sandy, the Sandy Hook massacre).
After winning a historic re-election — and besting Republicans in the first fiscal cliff showdown — Obama begins his second term in a more powerful position than he has ever been in before.
Senior Advisor, White House
A longtime friend of the First Family, Jarrett is Obama's closest advisor and "sounding board" and enjoys virtually unfettered access to the President.
Although she tends to remain out of the media spotlight, several reports on the Obama White House this year have offered an inside look at Jarrett's outsize power in the West Wing, including her involvement in a broad swath of political and policy issues.
The portrait of Jarrett not always been flattering. Several reports have cast her as a polarizing figure who has needlessly drawn the President into controversies and divided his White House staff (one New York Times profile claimed that other staffers call Jarrett "The Night Stalker" because of her tendency to follow Obama to the White House residence).
By all accounts, however, she remains "the most influential person in the West Wing," and holds Obama's ear on everything from Guantanamo Bay detainees and women's health to gay marriage and state dinner seating charts.
Chairman, Federal Reserve
A soft-spoken Princeton economist, Bernanke will likely go down as the country's most politically influential — and incendiary — central banker of all time.
Obama's Federal Reserve Chairman found himself in the political crosshairs throughout 2012, first as the bogeyman of the Republican presidential primary (remember Rick Perry's vigilante threats?) and later as a leading voice against the GOP's budget policies.Bernanke leveraged his political power to warn lawmakers about the dangers of austerity measures, and even coined the term "fiscal cliff."
Most significantly, Bernanke mapped out an aggressive course for U.S. monetary policy, unveiling a fourth round of quantitative easing that puts the Fed on track to continue unlimited buying of Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities until the unemployment rate drops below 6.5 percent.
U.S. Representative, Texas
After three decades of warnings about the dangers of the federal debt and government spending, the world finally came around to Paul and his ideas in 2012.
The Republican gadfly mounted his third - and most successful - presidential campaign, building up his eccentric army of loyal supporters, and drawing crowds of thousands at campus rallies across the country.
Although Paul never really had a shot at the White House, he surprised the Republican Party by being the last man standing against Mitt Romney. Paul ran a savvy grassroots campaign that took the Republican Party off-guard and carried the Texas Congressman all the way to the convention, where Paul's supporters put up a fierce fight to make their libertarian voices heard.
Back in Washington, Paul continued to make waves when the House voted to pass his bill to audit the Federal Reserve, giving a bipartisan push to Paul's signature issue.
Now, as he prepares to exit politics, Paul leaves behind an entire movement of young libertarian Republicans led by his son, Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY).
Now find out how Ron Paul became a Revolution >
CEO, Las Vegas Sands
The 79-year-old casino mogul burst on to the national political scene this year as the new face of Republican outside spending. Adelson set a new record in political donations in the 2012 election cycle, giving $70 million to Republican candidates and groups — nearly triple the previous record set by George Soros in 2004.
Of course, most of Adelson's political bets failed miserably. In fact, his generosity arguablyhad the opposite desire effect on achieving his goal of defeating Obama; Romney emerged from the Republican primary badly damaged, thanks in large part to Adelson's $25 million donation to a pro-Newt Gingrich SuperPAC, which was singularly responsible for keeping the former House Speaker in the Republican presidential race.
Still, more than any other individual, Adelson revealed the new power that money can have over U.S. elections.
In 2012, Colbert came out as one of the fiercest critics of the Supreme Court's Citizens United ruling, which led to the creation of Super PACS. In his own absurdist on Citizens United, This year was the year of the Super PACs, which can spend unlimited amounts of money to influence federal elections, were unleashed on a Presidential race.
In trademark absurdist fashion, Colbert created his own Super PAC — Making A Better Tomorrow, Tomorrow — that he used to illustrate the ethical problems posed by the groups. He continued this performance art throughout the campaign, and even encouraged Colbert Nation to form their own Super PACs as well, effectively spawning an army of campaign finance experts-cum-comedians.
Prime Minister, Israel
As the leader of one of America's closest allies, Netanyahu arguably wields more influence over U.S. politics than any other foreign head of state.
The Israeli Prime Minister was not shy about using that power during the 2012 election cycle. Netanyahu has a tense relationship with Obama, as well as close personal ties to Romney, and it was always clear which way he wanted the race to swing, even if it was never stated outright.
The height of Netanyahu's power came in September, during the weeks leading up to the annual United Nations summit. During that period, word somehow got out that Obama had turned down a meeting with his Israeli counterpart in order to appear on The View, a rumor that the White House vigorously denied. Nevertheless, Netanyahu seized the opportunity to hammer the Obama administration on the issue of Iran. He even weighed on the Sept. 11 attacks on U.S. diplomatic personnel in Benghazi, Libya, warning lawmakers that more attacks would occur if the U.S. did not draw a "red line" over the Iranian nuclear program.
Campaign Manager, Obama for America
Back in March 2011, White House communications director Dan Pfieffer called Messina, then-White House deputy chief of staff, "the most powerful person you've never heard of."
That's no longer true. In 2012, Messina became a household name as the campaign manager for Obama's successful reelection campaign. Despite a grim economy and an unpopular incumbent, Messina ran a deft campaign that leveraged technology to empower voters and grassroots supporters in groundbreaking new ways.
Blogger/political stats guru, NYT's FiveThirtyEight
Silver was at center the partisan debate over the accuracy of public polling throughout the 2012 campaign, drawing conservative ire over his model that averaged polls to predict election results.
Undeterred by criticism, Silverwas always steadfast in predicting re-election for President Barack Obama. So more than any other political statistician, Silver's credibility and model were on the line heading into Election Night, when he forecasted a near-92 percent chance Obama would win.
But Silver proved his model's worth, correctly predicting all 50 states in the presidential election. In the 2008 and 2012 elections,Silverhas correctly predicted 99 of 100 state winners in the presidential races and 66 of 68 Senate races.
Chief Supreme Court Justice
Roberts came down on a surprising side in this year's historic vote on the Affordable Care Act, delivering the deciding vote to uphold Obama's signature healthcare reform law. The decision made Roberts, aGeorge W. Bush nominee, a political lightning rod — a hero on the left and a pariah among conservatives who had once viewed him so favorably.
A big portion of Roberts' legacy will have come from this decision and its reverberations — for good or bad — over the coming years. But with the Supreme Court set to tackle two big gay-marriage cases next year, Roberts has become the High Court's central figure in the midst of one of its most intriguing two-year cycles in a long time.
Secretary, Health and Human Services Department
As Obama's head of Health and Human Services, Sebelius is in charge of overseeing the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, a role which makes her, in many ways, a steward of Obama's legacy.
While most of the provisions were put off until after 2012, the department spent the year prepping for a wave of new measures as the country transitions to a new health care system.Governors around the country spent the year deciding whether to set up their own health care exchanges and the administration has now started issuing guidance, telling insurers what the new laws will say.
Needless to say, Sebelius wields enormous power over the health and wellbeing of millions of Americans.
Cardinal-Archbishop, New York
The Catholic Church was at the center of political debate in the beginning of the year, as it fought against a mandate in the Affordable Care Act that required all insurers to cover contraceptives.
The administration's decision not to exempt religious institutions from the mandate caused swift and steady backlash from the church, led primarily by Dolan, the president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Conservatives called the decision an assault on religious liberty, while liberals responded by saying Republicans were attempting to turn back the clock by denying women access to contraception.In effect, this sparked the beginning of the so-called "War on Women" that pervaded the 2012 campaign.
In May, 43 Catholic institutions filed a dozen separate suits against the administration. As a result, Obamacare could come before the Supreme Court once again.
Secretary, Treasury Department
Over the course of the last four years, Geithner has taken on the mammoth task of rescuing the U.S. economy from the worst economic recession in a generation — a job that, like it or not, has been directly tied to the political fortunes of his boss, as well as lawmakers across the political spectrum.
But Geithner managed to stay out of the political fray in 2012, staying under the radar as he represented U.S. interests in the European debt drama, dealt with banking crises overseas, and oversaw the implementation of key provisions of the Dodd-Frank law.
Geithner is now preparing to leave the administration — but not before he deals with the fiscal cliff.
U.S. Senator, Florida
Just two years into his first Senate term, Rubio has already made a name for himself as a rising star in the Republican Party. The 41-year-old Cuban-American Senator became one of the most prominent Republican voices during the 2012 campaign, garnering a lot of buzz as a possible VP pick for Romney.
In the aftermath of the election, Rubio's influence has continued to grow as theGOP attempts to reshape its message to appeal to youth and Latino voters.
Now here are 13 things you never knew about Rubio >
At the beginning of 2012, it looked like Walker would be out of a job by June. He goes into 2013 not only still employed, but more empowered and a rising national star in the Republican Party.
Walker started off 2012 at the center of the ongoing fight between the GOP and organized labor, having signed legislation in 2011 that ended collective bargaining rights for union members. ButWalker made history in June by becoming the first governor to stave offa recall attempt, and ended up winning that election by a larger margin than he had in 2010.
The success made Walker an immediate rock star among conservatives, giving him an influential voice in the 2012 presidential election and sparking speculation about a potential run in 2016. He has also emboldened other Republican governors to take similar steps to limit the influence of unions, such as Gov. Rick Snyder in Michigan.
The odds seemed stacked against Warren at the beginning of 2012. The Harvard law professor, who is not a natural politician, was running against a popular incumbent in ran in one of the tightest Senate races in the country. Banking interests and right-wing activists —the same crowd that sank her nomination to run the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau — were throwing down a massive amount of money to defeat her campaign. But she managed to come out on top.
In doing so, Warren has energized the left and reclaimed a crucial seat to maintain the Democrats' Senate majority. Her comments about income inequality helped drive the conversation in 2012, lending populist fire to the Democratic message. Now, having secured a spot on the Senate Banking Committee, Warren is well-positioned to wield her power in Washington next year.
Chairman, House Budget Committee
As Mitt Romney's running mate, Ryan faced quite a setback when their ticket lost this November. That said, Ryan has been a major influence in the GOP this year, often overshadowing that of Romney on the campaign trail.
Most significantly, Ryan, the author of the Republican House budget, has helped turned Medicare reform — once unthinkable — into a top issue with relative bipartisan support.
Co-founder, Priorities USA
As senior strategist of Priorities USA, former White House staffer Bill Burton ran the most effective Super PAC in the 2012 presidential election.
Going into the election, it looked like the left was going to be severely outgunned in terms of outside spending. Republicans had invested immense amounts of energy building Super PACs and had a fundraising head start, and Democrats' ideological opposition to these types of organizations made it difficult for liberal Super PACs to raise money.
But with Obama's eventual blessing and an effective message, Priorities was able to put up a good fight against its counterparts on the right, hammering Romney with an onslaught of negative advertising, including devastating commercials like "Understands"and "Stage."
Allen St. Pierre
Executive Director, NORML
This year was an excellent year for marijuana advocates. In Colorado and Washington, marijuana usage became completely legal — a first in U.S. history — and several other states passed ballot measures that decriminalized or legalized the drug.
A driving force behind this sea change has been St. Pierre's National Organization to Reform Marijuana Laws, or NORML, which lobbies lawmakers, writes ballot measures, financially supports state reform movements, and generally serves as a clearinghouse for all legalization efforts in the United States.
Director, Public Policy Polling
Largely unknown prior to the 2012 campaign, Jensen's North Carolina-based firm ended up being the most reliable public pollster of the election. The firmcorrectly predicted the winner of the presidential race in all 50 states, and at the end of the election, PPP was rated as the most accurate polling company of the campaign.
The rise of PPP was not without controversy — its analysts were unabashed in their support of President Barack Obama, giving the firm a partisan bias that drew heavy criticism from the right.
But that controversy was also partly responsible for putting PPP on the map, as were the firm's quirky poll questions(one poll askedwhether respondents "had enough Santorum in [their] lives"), and its engagement on Twitter and other social media.
How a three-man polling team nailed its election prediction >
U.S. Senator, South Carolina
DeMint, the outgoing senator from South Carolina, announced in December that he would use years of built-up conservative clout to try to influence its happenings from the outside. He will leave the Senate to become the head of Heritage Foundation.
In the Senate, DeMint has been a thorn in the side of the GOP establishment. DeMint has helped provide his chamber with an influx of conservative lawmakers in the last two elections, including Sens. Rand Paul (R-KY), Marco Rubio (R-FL), and Pat Toomey (R-PA) in 2010; in 2012, his Super PAC, Senate Conservatives Fund, helped elect GOP Senate newcomers Ted Cruz of Texas, Deb Fischer of Nebraska, and Jeff Flake of Arizona. DeMint even had a big hand in choosing his successor — Rep. Tim Scott, who will spend at least the next two years in the chamber.
Now, DeMint has the chance to significantly influence the party establishment from the outside — perhaps even more so than he did as a Senator. As RedState's Erick Erickson put it, DeMint's "power in the conservative movement just grew exponentially. A man who was going to retire in four years anyway, will now be leading the conservative movement from its base of operations for years to come."
Founder, American Bridge 21st Century
Brock, the conservative-turned-liberal firebrand behind Media Matters, turned his attention to a new venture in 2012, the American Bridge 21st Century PAC, one of the premier opposition research groups for the left.
After taking contributions from George Soros, the PAC was able to track a variety of candidates — most notably Missouri Senate candidate Todd Akin — and use that research to make powerful ads and attacks.Steve Doocyallegedthat American Bridge had several hundreds of pages of "dirt" on Rep. Paul Ryan.
President, Americans For Tax Reform
Norquist, an anti-tax activist, became a household name in 2012, as politicians looked to see whether he would pose an obstacle to a deal on the fiscal cliff.
Although Norquist has no real role in any of the fiscal cliff negotiations. But his presence is felt as a result of the ATR anti-tax pledge, which commits each member to "opposeany and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rates forindividuals and/or businesses."All but 16 Republicans in the House of Representatives and six GOP Senators have signed the pledge,
One of the pillars of the fiscal cliff debate comes on the dispute over raising marginal tax rates on incomes above $250,000. The fact that Norquist's name is being brought up in discussions shows the clout he has built in Washington.
Now here are 10 things you never knew about Grover Norquist >
Governor, New York
Cuomo kept up momentum from a strong 2011, in which he oversaw the state's successful push for the legalization of gay marriage. Though Cuomo has infuriated some in his own baseafter a New York State Senate debacle, his approval ratings have soared throughout the year. Most recently, he saw a bump from his handling of the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy.
Like Christie, Cuomo has become popular across party lines — 82 percent of Democrats and 68 percent of Republicans approve of the job he's doing as governor — and is building a strong profile for a potential 2016 candidacy.
It's been a big year for politics...
Relive the most unforgettable moments here >
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|3||Jesus||4 BC–33 AD|
|4||Gautama Buddha||563–483 BC|
Currently, MacKenzie Scott is the world's most powerful woman according to Forbes list. MacKenzie Scott has donated her wealth at an unprecedented scale. She has given away $8.6 billion of her fortune in charitable donation including $2.7 billion this year alone.
NEW YORK (Reuters) - Barack Obama topped Forbes' list of the world's most powerful people in 2011, as the U.S. leader's clout rose after the deaths of al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi. Obama bumped Chinese President Hu Jintao from the No. 1 spot on the magazine's annual rankings.
To become truly powerful, you have to see yourself as you really are and to position yourself to use your strengths for the greater good. That means taking a clear-eyed look at your strengths and your weaknesses and owning them both completely. They grow and leverage their networks.
|Narendra Modi||Prime Minister of India||71%|
|Andrés Manuel López Obrador||President of Mexico||66%|
|Mario Draghi||Prime Minister of Italy||60%|
|Fumio Kishida||Prime Minister of Japan||48%|
Prime Minister of New Zealand Jacinda Ardern has topped this year's Fortune list of the World's Greatest Leaders.
In terms of absolute strength – that is, without regard for body size, weight or composition – the average man tends to be considerably stronger than the average woman.
Researchers have found that children, as early as 4 years, might see males as more powerful than females. Published in the journal Sex Roles, the study by the French National Centre for Scientific Research, showed children associated power and masculinity.
According to a study by renowned cosmetic surgeon Julian De Silva, Bella Hadid holds the crown for the most beautiful woman in the world.
At #1 Russian President Vladimir Putin has been named the world's most powerful person for the second time in a row. In 2014 he sent troops with the aim of possession of Crimea and also waged a proxy war in Ukraine.
Vladimir Putin, Russia's president, was named the most powerful person in the world in 2013 by the publication, climbing two places from the previous year. He was followed by Obama at No. 2 and the general secretary of China's Communist Party, Xi Jinping, who jumped from No.
For the fourth consecutive year, Forbes ranked Russian President Vladimir Putin as the world's most powerful person.
Here are some strategies to embrace feeling powerful that are great for your mental wellbeing!
- Journal. ...
- Practice Meditation. ...
- Practice Gratitude. ...
- Engage In Something Creative. ...
- Move Your Body.
A true leader makes an effort to help develop their team's skills so they can reach their full potential. They lead by example and establish strong, trusting relationships to ensure success within the team and for the organization as a whole.
Hassanal Bolkiah is the world's longest-serving current state leader, having reigned as Sultan of Brunei since 1967.
As well as providing direction, inspiration, and guidance, good leaders exhibit courage, passion, confidence, commitment, and ambition. They nurture the strengths and talents of their people and build teams committed to achieving common goals. The most effective leaders have the following traits in common.
Germany, 1885-1945. Hitler is undoubtedly one of the most famous world leaders of all time, but he's also infamous. He started World War II by ruthless takeovers of much of Europe.
Meet the world's first emperor. King Sargon of Akkad—who legend says was destined to rule—established the world's first empire more than 4,000 years ago in Mesopotamia.
|Realm / kingdom||Monarch (Birth year)||Since|
|Sultanate of Oman||Sultan Haitham bin Tariq (b. 1954)||11 January 2020|
|State of Qatar||Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (b. 1980)||25 June 2013|
|Kingdom of Saudi Arabia||King Salman (b. 1935)||23 January 2015|
|Kingdom of Spain||King Felipe VI (b. 1968)||19 June 2014|
Boys run faster than girls in all running phases, and the span between genders increases after the age of 15 years. It is useful that coaches take these findings into consideration when evaluating children in sprint performance.
There are many different gender identities, including male, female, transgender, gender neutral, non-binary, agender, pangender, genderqueer, two-spirit, third gender, and all, none or a combination of these.
Why girls are more mature than boys and men are more mature than women. Maturity is often described as a comparison between which sex is stronger: women or men. Studies have shown that girls mature earlier than boys, the same way women do than men.
Men, on average, are about 15 percent to 20 percent larger than women. Yet compared with other mammals, that margin is slim. New research suggests it was similarities among the males and females of our early ancestors — not differences — that helped early humans evolve to become the dominant species that we are.
Because men are taller than women for a direct physiological reason — the bone growth effects of estrogen —anything affecting the degree or timing of estrogen levels will inevitably influence human sexual size dimorphism, even if that was not an effect that nature was selecting.
Thus, the average adult male is about 70 inches tall, and the average adult female is about 64 inches tall.
Adriana Lima has become the most beautiful woman in the world in 2022. She was the longest-running model and in 2017 she was named ” the most valuable Victoria's Secret Angel”. According to India.com Top 10's list, Adriana Lima has topped the list.
- Be altruistic. ...
- Use metaphorical compliments. ...
- Look directly at someone and smile. ...
- Wear red. ...
- Modify your walk. ...
- Nod your head. ...
- Adopt an expansive posture.
The United States is the most powerful country in the world, followed by China, and Russia. Check the complete list of the most powerful countries in the world.
2. Vladimir Putin. The second most influential person in the world is Vladimir Putin, President of Russia.
- Xi Jinping.
- Vladimir Putin.
- Donald Trump.
- Angela Merkel.
- Jeff Bezos.
- Pope Francis.
- Bill Gates.
- Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud.
Donald Trump. Donald Trump is an American Businessman & was the 45th President of the United States. Despite his loss & a tragic end of his political career Trump is the fifth most powerful person in the world.
The Top 10 Most Powerful Countries in the World (2021 Best Countries report):
- United States.
- United Kingdom.
- South Korea.
1- United States. Located in North America, the United States is considered to be the most powerful country in the world. It consists of 50 states, and its economic and military power is unmatched.
PM Narendra Modi voted 'world's most powerful leader 2019' in UK magazine poll | Prime Minister of India.
Trimurti is considered to be the most powerful god as he is a combination of Brahma [The Creator], Vishnu [The Preserver] & Shiva [The Destroyer].
United States. The United States of America is a North American nation that is the world's most dominant economic and military power. Likewise, its cultural imprint spans the world, led in large part by its popular culture expressed in music, movies and television.
- United States. #1 in Power. ...
- China. #2 in Power. ...
- Russia. #3 in Power. ...
- Germany. #4 in Power. ...
- United Kingdom. #5 in Power. ...
- South Korea. #6 in Power. ...
- France. #7 in Power. ...
In his 2014 publication Great Power Peace and American Primacy, Joshua Baron considers China, France, Russia, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States as the current great powers.
China's rise has been widely measured on this basis, and thus the world's second largest economy is also acknowledged as one of the world's most powerful nation-states.
|1||B. R. Ambedkar (1891–1956)||Maharashtra|
|2||A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (1931–2015)||Tamil Nadu|
|3||Vallabhbhai Patel (1875–1950)||Gujarat|
|4||Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964)||Uttar Pradesh|
The Accidental Prime Minister (film)
|The Accidental Prime Minister|
|Box office||₹22.65 crores|
|Jharkhand||Shri Hemant Soren|
|Karnataka||Sri Basavaraj Bommai|
|Kerala||Shri Pinarayi Vijayan|
|Madhya Pradesh||Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan|