WRITING A POLICY PAPER (2023)

WRITING A POLICY PAPER

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ONE WAY TO UNDERSTAND THEDIMENSIONS OF A POLICY PAPER IS TO JUXTAPOSE IT AGAINST OTHER COMMON RESEARCHVEHICLES:

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DISCUSSION PAPERS DISSEMINATE RESEARCH QUICKLY IN ORDER TO GENERATE COMMENTAND SUGGESTIONS FOR REVISION OR IMPROVEMENT. THEY MAY HAVE BEEN PRESENTEDAT CONFERENCES OR WORKSHOPS ALREADY, BUT WILL NOT YET HAVE BEEN PUBLISHED INJOURNALS.

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BACKGROUND PAPERS OUTLINE CURRENT POLICIES AND ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS TOA PARTICULAR SOCIAL ISSUE OR PROBLEM.

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[SO WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE?]== POLICY PAPERS OFTEN BEGIN WITH DISCUSSION PAPERS AND BACKGROUND PAPERSAS RESOURCES, BUT ARE MUCH MORE COMPREHENSIVE IN GOAL AND SCOPE.

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***POLICY PAPERS ARE CRITICAL ANALYSES OF AN IMPORTANT SOCIAL ISSUEOR PROBLEM THAT INVOLVES THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOP OF A DEFENSIBLE PLAN(POLICY PROPOSAL) FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEM AND FORMULATE WORKABLE STRATEGIESFOR IMPLEMENTING THE PLAN.

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THREE KEY FOCI:

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[1] AIMS TOIDENTIFY KEY POLICY ISSUES;

[2] APPLY THEBEST AND MOST UP-TO-DATE RESEARCH TO HELP UNDERSTAND THESE ISSUES; AND

[3] EXPLORESTHE IMPLICATIONS OF THIS RESEARCH FOR THE DESIGN AND CONDUCT OF POLICY.

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THE PROSPECTIVE OUTCOME:

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POLICY PAPERS ARE GENERALLYEXPECTED TO INCREASE THE INVOLVEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS IN ANDIMPORTANT EFFORT AT SOME LEVEL,

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[1] WHETHERIT BE SUPPORTING AND/OR ENDORSING THE POLICY PAPER,

[2] ADOPTING THE USE OF THE SET OF CRITERIA,

[3] JOINING AWORKING GROUP, COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIP, ETC., AND/OR

[4] EDUCATING OTHERS ON THIS TOPIC.

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THE ORIENTATION:

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[1] PRESENTATION {TAILORED FOR RELEVANT AUDIENCES/STAKEHOLDERS};

[2] MANAGEABILITY AND DIGESTIBILITY {STRUCTURED TO FACILITATE ACCESSTO MAJOR POINTS AND ARGUMENTS};

[3] MAXIMUM IMPACT {SOLUTIONS GUIDED BY PRACTICABILITY ANDIMPLEMENTABLILITY}

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POLICY PAPERS NEED TO BEFORMAL, CONCISE, STRAIGHTFORWARD, ORGANIZED, LOGICAL, THOUGHTFUL, WELLRESEARCHED, WELL SUPPORTED, WELL WRITTEN, AND WELL ARGUED.

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STRUCTURE OF POLICY PAPER

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INTRODUCTION: ABSTRACT/ EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: THE ABSTRACT IS NUMBERED PAGE TWO (2). IT IS NOT PART OF THE PAPER. THE ABSTRACT DESCRIBES THE PAPER IN THETHIRD PERSON. THE ABSTRACT SHOULD NOT BE WRITTEN, UNTIL AFTER YOUR PAPER ISCOMPLETED.

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PROBLEM

PURPOSE

SCOPE

METHODSAND PROCESS

FINDINGS

ACTIONPLAN

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FRONTPAGE

TABLEOF CONTENTS

SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION

ISSUESAND RESEARCH QUESTIONS

METHODCONSIDERATIONS

THEORYAND ANALYTIC FRAMEWORK (PERHAPS HYPOTHESES)

ANALYSIS

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

APPENDICES,IF ANY

COVER


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BODY:THE BODY OF THE PAPER BEGINS ON PAGE NUMBER THREE (3). THE BODY OF THE PAPERMUST BE DIVIDED INTO THREE SECTIONS.

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THE FIRST SECTION MUST STATE, DESCRIBE, ANDEXPLAIN THE AUTHORITY THAT YOUR CHOSEN GROUP HAS TO DO WHAT YOU SUGGEST.

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THE SECOND SECTION MUST CONTAIN A SPECIFICNUMBER OF REASONS (COUNT THEM OUT) SUPPORTING YOUR PROPOSAL. THE PAPERARGUES THAT THEIR PROPOSED POLICY SHOULD BE ADOPTED FOR A COUNTED NUMBER OFREASONS. [EACH OF THE REASON IS OFTEN STATED (AND NUMBERED) IN THE FIRSTPARAGRAPH OF THIS SECTION OF THE PAPER.]

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THE THIRD SECTION SHALL DISCUSS THE LOGICALALTERNATIVES TO YOUR PROPOSAL AND SHALL DISCUSS WHY YOUR PROPOSEDACTION IS PREFERABLE TO EACH ALTERNATIVE. THE ULTIMATE GOAL IS ADEFENSIBLE PLAN (POLICY PROPOSAL) FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEM AND FORMULATEWORKABLE STRATEGIES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE PLAN.

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=================================================================================

OURSTRUCTURE/FORMAT TEMPLATE

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****TITLE

YOUR GROUP SHOULD CREATE A TITLE THAT ENGAGES THE READER’SINTEREST AND FOCUSES ON YOUR TOPIC AREA.

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I. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUNDOF THE ISSUE.

THE PURPOSE OF THIS SECTION IS TO PROVIDE THE READERWITH BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOCIAL ISSUE. QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER AREAS FOLLOWS:

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>HOW DID THE ISSUEORIGINATE? WHAT IS THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE ISSUE? ARE THERE CRITICALINCIDENTS WHICH EMPHASIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ISSUE?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHY IS THIS AN IMPORTANTISSUE FOR SOCIETY AT LARGE AND POLICY MAKERS TO ADDRESS? WHY SHOULD CITIZENS BECONCERNED WITH THIS ISSUE?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT PHILOSOPHICAL ORETHICAL ISSUES UNDERSCORE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ISSUE?

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II. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

THE PURPOSE OF THIS SECTION IS TO ANALYZE THE SPECIFICISSUES RELATED TO THE PROBLEM YOUR GROUP HAS CHOSEN AND THE SOCIETALCONSEQUENCES IF THIS PROBLEM CONTINUES UNADDRESSED. QUESTIONS TO FOCUS ON INTHIS SECTION ARE AS FOLLOWS:

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT EVIDENCE IS THERE SUGGESTING A CHANGE ISPOLICY IS NEEDED?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>HOW DOES THE PROBLEMAFFECT CRITICAL POPULATIONS, GROUPS, AND SOCIETY AT LARGE?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT IS THE SPECIFICPROBLEM? (DEFINE THE SPECIFIC PROBLEM.)

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT ARE THE MAJORCAUSES OF THE PROBLEM?

WHATARE THE KEY QUESTIONS, ETHICAL DEBATES, OR CONTROVERSIES ASSOCIATED WITH THEPROBLEM?

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III. CURRENT POLICIES

THE PURPOSE OF THIS SECTION IS TO ANALYZE CURRENT POLICIES(OR PROGRAMS) THAT DEAL WITH THE PROBLEM. THE QUESTIONS TO ADDRESS ARE ASFOLLOWS:

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT ASPECT OF THEPROBLEM ARE CURRENT POLICIES (OR PROGRAMS) TRYING TO SOLVE?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>HAVE THESE POLICIES SOLVED,ALLEVIATED, EXACERBATED, OR HAD NO EFFECT ON THE PROBLEM? WHY OR WHY NOT?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHO SUPPORTS THE CURRENTPOLICIES? WHY DO THEY SUPPORT THEM?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT ARE THE MAJOR FLAWSOR LIMITATIONS OF THE CURRENT POLICIES?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHO IS IN FAVOR OFCHANGING THE CURRENT POLICIES? WHY DO THEY WANT TO CHANGE THEM?(THESE QUESTIONSCAN SERVE AS A TRANSITION TO THE NEXT SECTION OF THE PAPER.)

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IV. ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS

THE PURPOSE OF THIS SECTION IS TO ANALYZE TWO OR THREEALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEM. IN SELECTING THE ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS,CHOOSE ALTERNATIVES THAT HAVE BEEN SERIOUSLY PROPOSED BY ADVOCATES OR POLICYMAKERS. YOU DO NOT HAVE TO ANALYZE EVERY POSSIBLE ALTERNATIVE, BUT YOU SHOULDANALYZE ALTERNATIVES THAT HAVE BEEN OR ARE BEING SERIOUSLY CONSIDERED.EXPANDING (OR MODIFYING) CURRENT POLICIES (OR PROGRAMS) CAN BE TREATED AS ONEOF THE ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS. FOR EACH ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION, ANALYZE ITSSTRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES AND DISCUSS WHICH GROUPS, OPINION LEADERS, OR POLICYMAKERS SUPPORT OR REJECT IT. ULTIMATELY, KEEP IN MIND THAT YOU MIGHT BEREJECTING THESE ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS OR USING PARTS OF THEM FOR YOUR OWNPOLICY PROPOSAL IN THE NEXT SECTION OF THE PAPER. THE QUESTIONS TO ADDRESS AREAS FOLLOWS:

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT ARE THEALTERNATIVES TO THE CURRENT POLICIES?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHSAND WEAKNESSES OF THE ALTERNATIVES? WHY?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHO SUPPORTS AND OPPOSESTHE ALTERNATIVES? WHY?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHY HAVEN'T THESEALTERNATIVES BEEN MADE INTO POLICY? IS THERE SOME FATAL FLAW INHERENT IN THEMOR IN THE WAY THAT SOCIETY VIEWS THEM? IS THERE ANOTHER REASON WHY THESEALTERNATIVES HAVEN’T BEEN IMPLEMENTED?

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V. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS,FEASIBILITY & IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES {OR THIS SECTION IS SOMETIMESCALLED – “ACTION PLAN” (PROACTIVE CONNOTATION)}

THE PURPOSE OF THIS SECTION IS TO FORMULATE ANEFFECTIVE POLICY PROPOSAL FOR THE PROBLEM YOU ARE ADDRESSING, DEMONSTRATE THATYOUR PROPOSAL IS PRACTICAL AND FEASIBLE, AND PROVE THAT YOUR PROPOSAL WILLWORK. THE QUESTIONS TO ADDRESS ARE AS FOLLOWS:

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT ARE THE SPECIFICPOLICY RECOMMENDATIONS THAT YOUR GROUP IS PROPOSING TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM? WHATSPECIFIC ADMINISTRATIVE OR LEGAL GUIDELINES WILL YOUR POLICY PROVIDE?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>HOW DOES YOUR POLICYPROPOSAL SOLVE THE PROBLEM BETTER THAN CURRENT POLICY OR ANY OF THEALTERNATIVES? WHAT EVIDENCE CAN YOU OFFER THAT DEMONSTRATES YOUR PROPOSAL WILLBE EFFECTIVE? WHAT REASONING AND/OR EVIDENCE CAN YOU PROVIDE THAT DEMONSTRATESYOUR PROPOSAL IS FEASIBLE AND WORKABLE?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT LEGISLATIVE BODY,AGENCY, OR OTHER POLICY-MAKING GROUP WILL NEED TO APPROVE YOUR PROPOSAL INORDER FOR IT TO BE IMPLEMENTED? WHAT AGENCY OR GROUP WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FORADMINISTERING YOUR PROPOSAL?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>HOW MIGHT YOU GO ABOUTINFLUENCING THESE SPECIFIC GROUPS SO THAT YOUR PROPOSAL WILL BE ADOPTED? WHATSPOKESPERSONS OR POLICY MAKERS MIGHT REALISTICALLY BE INTERESTED IN SUPPORTINGYOUR PROPOSAL? WHAT EVIDENCE CAN YOU PROVIDE WHICH INDICATES THESE PEOPLE WILLBE LIKELY TO SERVE AS ADVOCATES FOR YOUR PROPOSAL? WHAT OTHER GROUPS MIGHT YOUENTICE TO FORM A COALITION IN SUPPORT OF YOUR PROPOSAL? WHAT OTHERIMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES MIGHT YOU USE TO GAIN SUPPORT FOR YOUR PROPOSAL?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>WHAT ARE THE MOSTCRITICAL OBSTACLES (FINANCIAL, LEGAL, ETHICAL, OR POLITICAL) YOU ANTICIPATE INIMPLEMENTING YOUR POLICY PROPOSAL? HOW DO YOU PLAN TO OVERCOME THESE OBSTACLES?WHAT POLICY-MAKERS OR GROUPS MIGHT BE OPPOSED TO YOUR PROPOSAL? WHY WOULD THEYBE OPPOSED TO YOUR PROPOSAL? HOW WILL YOU COUNTERACT THE INFLUENCE OF THESEPOLICY-MAKERS AND GROUPS?

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>ARE THERE ADDITIONALBENEFITS OR ADVANTAGES OF YOUR PROPOSAL? IF YOUR POLICY PROPOSAL IS ADOPTED, HOWSOON MIGHT WE SEE RESULTS? WHAT CHANGES CAN WE EXPECT TO SEE RIGHT AWAY? FIVEYEARS FROM NOW?

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VI. SUMMATION AND CONCLUSION

THIS SECTION IS THE CAPSTONE OF YOUR POLICY PAPER,AND, AS SUCH, SHOULD BRIEFLY SUMMARIZE THE ARGUMENT YOU HAVE MADE. THIS SECTIONSHOULD ALSO INCLUDE A FINAL PERSUASIVE APPEAL TO YOU READER(S).

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VII. WORKS CITED OR REFERENCEPAGE

THIS SECTION CONTAINS THE WORKS CITED PAGE (FOR MLA)OR REFERENCE PAGE (FOR APA). ONLY LIST REFERENCES CITED IN THE TEXT OF THE PAPER.FOLLOW APA/MLA PROCEDURES WHEN FORMATTING EACH REFERENCE.

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<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>EX: CRITERIA FOR ASSESSING THE QUALITYOF HEALTH INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET - POLICY PAPER

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<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>{{[1] AIMS TO IDENTIFY KEY POLICY ISSUES; [2]APPLY THE BEST AND MOST UP-TO-DATE RESEARCH TO HELP UNDERSTAND THESE ISSUES;AND TO [3] EXPLORE THE IMPLICATIONS OF THIS RESEARCH FOR THE DESIGN ANDCONDUCT OF POLICY}}

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<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>{{THIS POLICY PAPERPRESENTS A SET OF SEVEN CRITERIA DEVELOPED FOR USE IN EVALUATING THEQUALITY OF HEALTH INFORMATION PROVIDED ON THE INTERNET. IT IS HOPED THATORGANIZATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS WILL BECOME INVOLVED IN THIS IMPORTANTEFFORT AT SOME LEVEL, (1) WHETHER IT BE SUPPORTING AND/OR ENDORSING THEPOLICY PAPER, (2) ADOPTING THE USE OF THE SET OF CRITERIA, (3) JOININGTHE HEALTH SUMMIT WORKING GROUP, OR (4) EDUCATINGOTHERS ON THIS TOPIC.}}

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(Video) Policy Paper Tutorial - Part 1

<![if !supportLists]>·<![endif]>CRITERIA FOREVALUATING INTERNET HEALTH INFORMATION

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(Video) HOW TO WRITE A POLICY PAPER

<![if !supportLists]>1.<![endif]>CREDIBILITY: INCLUDES THE SOURCE, CURRENCY, RELEVANCE/UTILITY,AND EDITORIAL REVIEW PROCESS FOR THE INFORMATION.

<![if !supportLists]>2.<![endif]>CONTENT: MUST BE ACCURATE AND COMPLETE, AND AN APPROPRIATEDISCLAIMER PROVIDED.

<![if !supportLists]>3.<![endif]>DISCLOSURE: INCLUDES INFORMING THE USER OF THE PURPOSE OF THESITE, AS WELL AS ANY PROFILING OR COLLECTION OF INFORMATION ASSOCIATED WITH USINGTHE SITE.

<![if !supportLists]>4.<![endif]>LINKS: EVALUATED ACCORDING TO SELECTION, ARCHITECTURE,CONTENT, AND BACK LINKAGES.

<![if !supportLists]>5.<![endif]>DESIGN: ENCOMPASSES ACCESSIBILITY, LOGICAL ORGANIZATION(NAVIGABILITY), AND INTERNAL SEARCH CAPABILITY.

<![if !supportLists]>6.<![endif]>INTERACTIVITY: INCLUDES FEEDBACK MECHANISMS AND MEANS FOR EXCHANGEOF INFORMATION AMONG USERS.

<![if !supportLists]>7.<![endif]>CAVEATS: CLARIFICATION OF WHETHER SITE FUNCTION IS TO MARKETPRODUCTS AND SERVICES OR IS A PRIMARY INFORMATION CONTENT PROVIDER. {SEEMISCELLANEOUS FOR EXTENDED VERSION}


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{MY ISSUE}: YOUTH CRIME ANDNEW “THE YOUTH CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT”

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[[ ONE MAIN FOCUS OF NEW ACT IS TO EXPLOREALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION; AND MEASURES OUTSIDE THE FORMAL COURT PROCESS;PARTICULARLY FOR MINOR OFFENCES; THEREFORE THE FEDS HAVE DEVELOPED A YOUTHJUSTICE STRATEGY:

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A NEW APPROACH THAT SEEKS


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<![if !supportLists]><![endif]>FLEXIBILITY FOR THEPROVINCES

<![if !supportLists]><![endif]>TREATING VIOLENT ANDNON-VIOLENT CRIMES DIFFERENTLY

<![if !supportLists]><![endif]>A COOPERATIVE,INTEGRATED APPROACH TO YOUTH CRIME

<![if !supportLists]><![endif]>CHILDREN AS ANATIONAL PRIORITY


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[[[THE POLICY PAPER – CRITERIA FOR ASSESSING“YOUTH OFFENDER TEAMS” (YOUNG PEOPLE, POLICE, COMMUNITIES, PROFESSIONALORGANIZATIONS, AND SCHOOLS) AS A CRIME REDUCTION/COMMUNITY SAFETY STRATEGY.

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THIS IS AN INITIATIVE TAKEN TO DEVELOP CRIMEPREVENTION SCHEMES IN ENGLAND FORMED PARTNERSHIPS THAT CAN STRENGTHENINITIATIVES FOR PREVENTING YOUTH CRIME – INVOLVING YOUNG PEOPLE, COMMUNITIESAND SCHOOLS THROUGH LOCAL PROGRAMMES, BASED ON SCHOOLS, TO REDUCE THE DRIFTTO STREET AND OTHER FORMS OF CRIME AND ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR – A NETWORKFOR THE EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF BEST PRACTICE,IDENTIFYING WHAT WORKS AND SOURCES OF FINANCE, WILL BE CREATED INCLUDING A NEWWEB-SITE, NEWSLETTER, SEMINARS AND OTHER LINKS BETWEEN COMMUNITIES – BUILDING ON THE CRIME REDUCTION PARTNERSHIPS(TO GO ALONG WITH DRUG ACTION TEAMS; EDUCATION AWARENESS INITIATIVES; OTHERCRIME REDUCTION/COMMUNITY SAFETY INITIATIVES.)

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IN CANADAYOUTHREFERRAL PILOT PROGRAM [THE NEW ACT PROVIDES A MODEL FOREXTRAJUDICIAL MEASURES TO DEAL EFFECTIVELY WITH LESS SERIOUS OFFENDERS FOR LESSSERIOUS YOUTH CRIMES, MOST OF WHICH ARE COMMITTED BY FIRST-TIME OFFENDERS] –SPRINGBOARD'S EMPLOYMENT “RESOURCE ROOM” FOR AT-RISK SCARBOROUGH YOUTH, SERVESAS HOME BASE FOR THE ATTENDANCE PROGRAM EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING EDUCATIONAL ANDLITERACY, SUBSTANCE ABUSE, ANGERMANAGEMENT, COGNITIVE TRAINING, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, LIFE SKILLS, GANGINTERVENTION, ANTI-RACISM, HOMEWORK SUPPORTS,ACCESS TO FAMILY AND PERSONAL COUNSELING, HOUSING OR OTHER NEEDEDSERVICES.

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APPENDICES

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GROUPPOLICY PAPER

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YOURGROUP WILL WRITE A POLICY PAPER ON THE TOPIC YOUR GROUP HAS SELECTED. TOCOMPLETE THIS ASSIGNMENT, YOUR GROUP WILL NEED TO REFINE AND EXPAND ON THEIDEAS DISCUSSED IN YOUR BACKGROUND PAPERS, CURRENT POLICIES/ALTERNATIVESOLUTIONS PAPERS, AND EXERCISES RELATED TO IMPLEMENTING YOUR PROPOSAL. YOURGROUP ALSO WILL NEED TO RESEARCH AND DEVELOP A DEFENSIBLE PLAN (POLICYPROPOSAL) FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEM AND FORMULATE WORKABLE STRATEGIES FORIMPLEMENTING THE PLAN. YOUR PAPER SHOULD BE 25 TO 30 PAGES LONG, INCLUDINGA WORKS CITED OR REFERENCE LIST. THE SEVEN SECTIONS OF THE PAPER AREDESCRIBED BELOW. USE SECTION HEADINGS FOR THE MAJOR SECTIONS OF THE PAPER. (FORINFORMATION ON SECTION HEADINGS, SEE KEYS FOR WRITERS, PP. 181, 223).

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REMEMBER,EACH GROUP NEEDS TO SUBMIT TWO COPIES OF THE FINAL DRAFT OF THE POLICY PAPER.THE SECOND COPY WILL BE USED FOR PORTFOLIO ASSESSMENT.

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LEARNINGOBJECTIVES

•ANALYZING A CURRENT SOCIAL ISSUE.

•CONDUCTING EFFECTIVE RESEARCH ON A POLICY PROPOSAL.

•WORKING EFFECTIVELY AS A GROUP IN DEVELOPING AND WRITING A POLICY PROPOSAL.

• WRITINGA COHERENT AND DEFENSIBLE POLICY PROPOSAL.

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SECTIONSOF THE POLICY PAPER.

THE INITIALSECTIONS OF THE PAPER ESTABLISH THE BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR YOUR POLICYPROPOSAL WHEREAS THE LAST SECTION DISCUSSES YOUR PLAN FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMAND THE PRACTICALITY OF THE PLAN. USE THE QUESTIONS LISTED UNDER EACHSECTION BELOW TO DIRECT YOUR THINKING. THEY ARE NOT INTENDED AS A LOCK-STEPOUTLINE. YOU MAY RE-ORDER THE SUB-TOPICS ADDRESSED IN THE QUESTIONS TO PROVIDETHE MOST SENSIBLE ORGANIZATION FOR YOUR PAPER.

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TYPICALLY,ONE PERSON IN YOUR GROUP WILL BE IN CHARGE OF ONE SECTION. HOWEVER, KEEP INMIND THAT THE ENTIRE PAPER MUST READ AS A COHERENT PAPER. IN OTHER WORDS, THEGROUP MUST SPEAK WITH ONE VOICE AND DEVELOP IDEAS AND ARGUMENTS WHICH LOGICALLYAND DIRECTLY SUPPORT THE POLICY PROPOSAL. THE PAPER WILL BE EVALUATED ON HOWCOGENTLY AND THOUGHTFULLY YOUR GROUP ANALYZES THE TOPIC, HOW ACCURATELY YOURGROUP INTERPRETS AND INCORPORATES EVIDENCE, HOW JUDICIOUSLY YOUR GROUP USESNON-FALLACIOUS REASONING, AND HOW EFFECTIVELY THE PAPER INCORPORATES A VARIETYOF CREDIBLE SOURCES. IN ADDITION, THE PAPER WILL BE EVALUATED ON RICHNESS OFVOCABULARY, MECHANICS OF WRITING, AND ADHERENCE TO PROPER DOCUMENTATIONPROCEDURES.

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INTRODUCTION

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YOURINTRODUCTION SHOULD CONTAIN A THESIS STATEMENT THAT IS PERHAPS IN THE FORM OF APREDICTED OUTCOME OF SOME REFORM PROPOSAL.THIS SECTION SHOULD ALSO IDENTIFY THE ISSUE. DON’T CONFUSE ISSUE WITHTHESIS. YOUR THESIS MIGHT BE THAT APARTICULAR DEFENSE REORGANIZATION PROPOSAL WOULD FAIL DUE TO SERVICERESISTANCE; BUT THE ISSUE IS DEFENSE REORGANIZATION.

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YOU PROBABLY CANNOT WRITE THE THESISSTATEMENT BEFORE YOU CONDUCT YOUR STUDY.TAKE A STAB AT IT IN THE BEGINNING, AND THEN RETURN WHEN YOU’VE FINISHEDYOUR CONCLUSION. YOU’RE NOT WRITING AMYSTERY NOVEL. THE READER SHOULDN’THAVE TO GUESS WHERE YOU’RE GOING.

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WHEN YOU’RE FINALLY READY TO WRITE THEINTRODUCTION, CHECK TO MAKE SURE YOU’VE MET THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS. THE ISSUE MUST BE CLEAR. YOUR THESIS MUST BE CLEAR. THE READER MUST UNDERSTAND THAT YOU’RETALKING ABOUT AN IMPORTANT PROBLEM AND THAT YOU HAVE A MEANINGFUL CONTRIBUTIONTO MAKE.

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SCHOOLSOF THOUGHT

(Video) Writing Policy Papers | Culture, Power, and Global Environment

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THIS SECTION SHOULD MAP OUT THE LOGIC OFCAUSE AND EFFECT RELATING TO THE CHOSEN ISSUE.BY CONDUCTING SCHOLARLY RESEARCH, YOU WILL FIND THAT RESPECTED SCHOLARSAND AUTHORITIES DIFFER ON HOW TO APPROACH YOUR CHOSEN ISSUE. IF THERE IS NO SCHOLARLY CONTROVERSY, THEREIS NO REASON FOR DOING SCHOLARLY RESEARCH.THERE SHOULD BE AT LEAST TWO DIFFERENT SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT. “FOR” AND “AGAINST” A PROPOSAL ARE NOTSCHOOLS OF THOUGHT. THE READER ISN’TINTERESTED IN YOUR OPINION HERE. THISISN’T INTENDED FOR THE EDITORIAL PAGE.HONESTLY AND EVEN-HANDEDLY DESCRIBE THE MAJOR SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT.

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ONE OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE SCHOOLSOF THOUGHT SECTION IS TO PROVE TO YOUR AUDIENCE (YOUR THESIS COMMITTEE) THATYOU’VE DONE YOUR HOMEWORK. ANOTHERREQUIREMENT IS THAT YOU MUST SET THE STAGE FOR YOUR CONTRIBUTION; YOU MIGHTREFUTE OR CONFIRM SOME ELEMENTS OF ONE OF THE SCHOOLS. REMEMBER, YOUR THESIS MUST ADD TO THEEXISTING BASE OF KNOWLEDGE.

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WHILE YOU ARE RESEARCHING YOUR ISSUE,YOU WILL UNDOUBTEDLY FIND THESE SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT. MAKE A POINT TO BE LOOKING FOR THEM WHENEVER YOU AREREADING. WHEN YOU ENCOUNTER ONE, RUSHTO YOUR WORD PROCESSOR AND MAKE A SUBSECTION WITH A FOOTNOTE TO THE SOURCE YOUARE READING.1 GIVE THE HEADING A NAMETHAT YOU CAN REMEMBER. THEN CAPTURE THEELEMENTS OF THIS SCHOOL’S THINKING.YOU’LL HATE YOURSELF IF YOU HAVE TO GO BACK AND READ A COUPLE OF HUNDREDPAGES TRYING TO FIND A SCHOOL OF THOUGHT YOU ONCE STUMBLED OVER. BY CAPTURING THIS MATERIAL IN THIS FASHION,YOU AUTOMATICALLY WILL BE BUILDING YOUR THESIS.

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ISSUEHISTORY

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CONTINUING WITH THE DEFENSEREORGANIZATION EXAMPLE, THE ISSUE HISTORY WOULD PROBABLY BE A LEGISLATIVEHISTORY. CONGRESS HAS PLAYED A STRONGROLE IN THIS AREA. TELL THATSTORY. MAJOR LEGISLATION WAS PASSED IN1947, 1949, AND EVERY FEW YEARS AFTER UNTIL THE MOST RECENT ROUND OFLEGISLATION IN 1986. EVENTS ININTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, EVEN WARS, MAY HAVE PRECIPITATED LEGISLATIVE RESPONSE. CAPTURE THAT STORY AS WELL.

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IF YOU ISSUE IS A SINGLE LEGISLATIVEACT, YOU MAY WANT TO CAPTURE PREVIOUS LEGISLATIVE ATTEMPTS, THE EVENTS THATMAKE THE LEGISLATION RIPE NOW, THE DATES STEPS ALONG THE LEGISLATIVE PATH WERETAKEN, AND ANY SERENDIPITOUS EVENTS ALONG THE WAY.

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IF YOU CAN’T FIND A HISTORY FOR YOURISSUE, YOU PROBABLY HAVEN’T IDENTIFIED AN ISSUE RICH ENOUGH FOR A MASTER’STHESIS. THIS SECTION, TOO, SERVES TODEMONSTRATE TO YOUR READER THAT YOU’VE DONE YOUR HOMEWORK.

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AS IN YOUR SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT SECTION,YOU WILL UNDOUBTEDLY ENCOUNTER ELEMENTS OF ISSUE HISTORY AS YOU READ BOOKS ANDJOURNAL ARTICLES. DON’T MAKE THEMISTAKE OF NODDING YOUR HEAD UP AND DOWN SAYING THAT’S INTERESTING, I MUSTREMEMBER THIS WHEN I START TO WRITE MY THESIS.? WRITE IT DOWN IMMEDIATELY.MAKE FOOTNOTES TO THE REFERENCE.CAPTURE PAGE NUMBERS. YOURTHESIS IS WRITING ITSELF AS YOU READ.THE KEY IS TO BE ON THE LOOKOUT FOR ISSUE HISTORY.

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STAKEHOLDERS,PLAYERS, PROCESS

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STAKEHOLDERS ARE THOSE PARTIES WHO HAVESOMETHING TO WIN OR LOSE FROM THE REFORM PROPOSAL. THERE MAY BE OTHER PLAYERS OR DECISION-MAKERS WHO HAVE NOTHING TOLOSE OR WIN BUT WILL PLAY A MAJOR ROLE IN LEGISLATING OR IMPLEMENTING THEREFORM. AND, THERE IS A PROCESS THROUGHWHICH THE REFORM WILL BE DECIDED, E.G., AUTHORIZATION LEGISLATION,APPROPRIATIONS, OR NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL DELIBERATIONS. THERE MAY BE A SEPARATE PROCESS FORIMPLEMENTING THE POLICY. A PLAYER INONE MIGHT BE A STAKEHOLDER IN THE OTHER.

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IF THERE ARE TWO MAJOR PLAYERS, EACHWITH A VESTED INTEREST, YOU MIGHT EXPECT THAT THEY HAVE ARTICULATED A SCHOOL OFTHOUGHT TO SUPPORT THEIR INTERESTS.UNDER THESE CONDITIONS, THIS SECTION MIGHT MERGE WITH THE SCHOOLS OFTHOUGHT SECTION. ALTERNATIVELY, YOU MAYFIND THAT YOUR ISSUE HAS BEEN THROUGH A PROCESS SEVERAL TIMES AND, THUS, THISSECTION MIGHT BE BETTER ADDRESSED IN THE ISSUE HISTORY SECTION.

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THIS SECTION DEMONSTRATES TO THE READERTHAT YOU HAVE A GRASP OF THE PRAGMATICS OF THE DECISION MAKING PROCESS AND THATYOU ARE QUALIFIED TO DRAW CONCLUSIONS AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS. THIS IS A STRONGER REQUIREMENT IN A POLICYRELEVANT THESIS THAN IN A PURELY SCHOLARLY RESEARCH THESIS.

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RESEARCHDESIGN

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AT THIS POINT, YOU’VE SET UP THE PROBLEMFOR THE READER. THEY BELIEVE YOUUNDERSTAND WHAT’S GONE ON BEFORE. NOWYOU’RE SHIFTING TO WHAT WILL BECOME YOUR ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION. THE REQUIREMENT IS TO DESCRIBE PRECISELYWHAT YOUR RESEARCH SEEKS TO SHOW, AND HOW YOU HAVE PROCEEDED TO GATHERINFORMATION IN A WAY THAT SUGGESTS THE RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF YOURCONCLUSIONS. DON’T BE AFRAID TOIDENTIFY YOUR WEAKNESSES. THIS SECTIONIS OFTEN TITLED SIMPLY ?METHODOLOGY.?

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IF, AS IS SUGGESTED IN THE METHODS OFSOCIAL INQUIRY CLASS, YOU TOOK THE TIME TO CREATE A PROJECT PROSPECTUS ORRESEARCH PLAN, YOU MAY BE ABLE TO PLUG IT IN HERE AS A FIRST CUT. NO DOUBT YOUR RESEARCH PLAN WILL FAIL YOU INSOME WAY. THINGS NEVER WORK OUT THE WAYWE PLAN. BRING THIS SECTION IN LINEWITH THE RESEARCH, DATA COLLECTION, AND ANALYSIS THAT YOU ACTUALLY DID.

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DATAAND ANALYSIS

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IN A FULL THESIS, DATA MIGHT BE BESTPRESENTED IN AN APPENDIX. MAKE AJUDGEMENT CALL. EITHER PUT IT HERE ORPUT IT IN AN APPENDIX AND SUMMARIZE IT HERE.THE ANALYSIS MIGHT BE HIGHLY QUANTITATIVE OR JUST PURE DEDUCTIVELOGIC. ANALYSIS MIGHT ALSO BE CONDUCTEDTHROUGH SEVERAL CASE STUDIES.

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YOU MAY FIND THAT THE EVIDENCE GATHEREDSUPPORTS ONE SCHOOL OF THOUGHT AND REFUTES ANOTHER. SINCE POLICY ISSUES TEND TO BE QUITE COMPLEX, ANOTHER COMMONOUTCOME OF ANALYSIS IS THAT THE EVIDENCE IS INCONSISTENT, CONTRADICTORY, ANDINCONCLUSIVE. SAY SO.

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CLOSINGSECTION

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YOUR CONCLUSIONS SHOULD FOLLOW DIRECTLYFROM YOUR ANALYSIS. RESTATE YOU THESIS,RECALL YOUR EVIDENCE, AND SUMMARIZE YOUR LOGICAL ARGUMENT. IF YOU CAN WRITE THE CONCLUSION BEFORE DOINGTHE RESEARCH, YOU ARE NOT WRITING A SCHOLARLY THESIS, YOU ARE WRITING A LARGEEDITORIAL.

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I OFTEN FIND IT CONVENIENT TO SEPARATEWHAT I LEARN IN RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS INTO THREE CATEGORIES: FINDINGS,CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS.IF IT HELPS, USE IT, BUT DON’T FEEL COMPELLED TO LEAVE THE STRUCTURE INYOUR FINAL THESIS.

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FINDINGS

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SOME THINGS ARE FINDINGS OF FACT. NO READER SHOULD BE ABLE TO ARGUE WITHFINDINGS OF FACT. THEY MAY NOT LIKETHEM, BUT YOU’LL HAVE ALL OF YOUR SOURCES IDENTIFIED, AND YOUR DISAPPROVINGREADER WILL HAVE TO ATTACK SOMEONE ELSE.MAKE SURE YOUR SOURCES ARE GOOD ONES.

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CONCLUSIONS

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SOLID, CLEAR LOGIC IS USED TO WEAVETOGETHER FINDINGS TO PRODUCE CONCLUSIONS.ONE MIGHT EXPECT ANOTHER TO ARRIVE AT A DIFFERENT CONCLUSION, BUT YOURLOGIC SHOULD BE SUPPORTABLE. THOSEINCLINED TO PUT ASIDE THEIR PRECONCEIVED NOTIONS SHOULD FIND YOUR CONCLUSIONSREASONABLE. IF ANOTHER READER CANREFUTE YOUR CONCLUSIONS, THAT’S JUST FINE.THAT’S WHAT SCHOLARLY WORK IS ABOUT.THESIS, ANTITHESIS, SYNTHESIS, AS HEGEL WOULD SAY.

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RECOMMENDATIONS

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BASED ON FINDINGS OF FACT, LOGICALLYDERIVED CONCLUSIONS, CREDIBLE CAUSAL RELATIONSHIPS, YOU MAY BE ABLE TO MOVEINTO THE WORLD OF THE PREDICTIVE THESIS.THAT IS, BASED ON EVERYTHING YOU’VE PRESENTED SO FAR, YOU CAN PREDICT ACERTAIN OUTCOME, E.G., THE EVENTUAL COLLAPSE OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY TRUSTFUND. THEN THE TITLE OF THIS SUBSECTIONWOULDN’T BE “RECOMMENDATIONS” BUT SOMETHING ELSE.

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IF YOUR WORK JUSTIFIES IT, YOU MAY BEABLE TO PRODUCE A PRESCRIPTIVE THESIS.THAT IS, YOU CAN PRESCRIBE A COURSE OF ACTION THAT WILL ACHIEVE ADESIRED SOCIAL OUTCOME, E.G., WHAT POLICY ACTION SHOULD BE TAKEN NOW TO PREVENTTHE COLLAPSE OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY TRUST FUND.

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YOURVIEW

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YOU HAVE NOW EARNED THE RIGHT TO SAYWHAT’S ON YOUR MIND. IF YOUR ANALYSISSAYS THE REFORM WILL FAIL, BUT YOU CAN MAKE AN ARGUMENT WHY IT SHOULD PASS INTHE INTEREST OF NATIONAL SECURITY, THIS IS THE PLACE TO SAY IT.

(Video) Tips for Writing Your Policy Analysis Paper

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NOW GO BACK AND WRITE YOURINTRODUCTION, THE PART I ALWAYS STRUGGLE WITH THE MOST.

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DO NOTASSUME THAT THIS OUTLINE AND THESE HEADING TITLES WILL BE RIGHT FOR YOUR FINALPRODUCT. IT IS OFFERED AS A POINT OFDEPARTURE. AS INDICATED ABOVE, SOME OFTHESE SECTIONS MIGHT PROFITABLY BE COMBINED AND REORDERED. YOU WON’T BE ABLE TO TELL HOW TO COMMUNICATEYOUR RESULTS UNTIL FAIRLY LATE IN THE PROCESS.YOU CAN, HOWEVER, BE CONFIDENT THAT THE ORDER YOU FOLLOWED CONDUCTINGRESEARCH IS THE WRONG ORDER FOR FINAL EXPOSITION. THE FINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STRUCTURED FOR THE CONSUMER, NOT THEPRODUCER.

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_________________________________________________________________________________________

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AGOOD POLICY ANALYSIS PAPER COVERS EACH OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS (THE WEIGHTINGGIVEN TO EACH SECTION WILL VARY DEPENDING ON THE TOPIC):

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ISSUEDEFINITION: THE POLICY DECISION ISARTICULATED AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IS ESTABLISHED.

BACKGROUND:ALL BACKGROUND INFORMATION (TECHNICAL, POLITICAL, ETC.) NECESSARY TO PLACE THEDECISION IN ITS PROPER CONTEXT IS GIVEN.

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POLICYOPTIONS: THE VARIOUS POLICY OPTIONSTHAT THE DECISION-MAKER MUST DECIDE BETWEEN ARE PRESENTED AND DESCRIBED.

POLICYANALYSIS: THE PROS AND CONS OF EACHOPTION ARE EXPLAINED. THE VALUE TRADE-OFFS IMPLICIT IN CHOOSING ONE OPTION OVERANOTHER ARE EXPLAINED.

RECOMMENDATION: BASED ON THE ANALYSIS, A RECOMMENDATION IS MADE. THEBIASES AND JUDGMENT FACTORS THAT WENT INTO THE RECOMMENDATION SHOULD BEEXPLAINED. YOU SHOULD SUMMARIZE YOUR RECOMMENDATION CONCISELY AT THE VERY STARTOF YOUR PAPER.

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_________________________________________________________________________________________

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POLICY PAPER ON DIVERSITY ISSUES FOR NGOS’S:


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<![if !supportLists]>1.<![endif]>PERFORMING AREGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SCAN TO IDENTIFY THE SCOPE OF DIVERSITY WITHINTHE REGION;

<![if !supportLists]>2.<![endif]>ANALYZING ANDEVALUATING ACTIVITIES TO IDENTIFY DIVERSITY GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES.

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<![if !supportLists]>3.<![endif]>DEVELOPINGAPPROPRIATE AND EFFECTIVE RELATIONSHIPS WITH EXTERNAL PARTNERS AND WITHIN DIVERSE COMMUNITIES TO ASSIST THE REGIONIN IDENTIFYING DIVERSITY NEEDS.

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<![if !supportLists]>4.<![endif]>STRENGTHENINGDIVERSITY WITHIN THE VOLUNTEER BASE WITH THE REGION/UNIT/BRANCH, PARTICULARLY THROUGHRECRUITMENT/RETENTION STRATEGIES AND IDENTIFYING OPPORTUNITIES AND MEANS FORDIVERSE GROUPS TO ACTIVELY PARTICIPATE IN AND /OR VOLUNTEER FOR THE CANADIANCANCER SOCIETY.

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<![if !supportLists]>5.<![endif]>PROVIDING SUPPORT TO THEUNIT OFFICES IN THE VOLUNTEER RECRUITMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CYCLE, ASSISTINGIN PLANNING, SURVEYS AND ASSOCIATED BUDGETS TO INTEGRATE DIVERSITY INTO DAILYOPERATIONS.

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<![if !supportLists]>6.<![endif]>WORKING WITH STAFF ANDVOLUNTEERS TO CREATE AND IMPLEMENT STRATEGIES AND DEVELOPMENT OF NEWRESOURCE MATERIALS TO PROMOTE BETTER ACCESS TO SERVICES AND PROGRAMS.

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<![if !supportLists]>7.<![endif]>WORKING CLOSELY WITH KEYSTAFF TO COORDINATE EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATIONS TO CREATE AWARENESSWITHIN THE REGION.

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<![if !supportLists]>8.<![endif]>IMPLEMENTING ONTARIO DIVISION - CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY DIVERSITYPOLICY, PHILOSOPHY AND STRATEGY TO ENSURE THESOCIETY'S STAFF AND VOLUNTEERS ARE KNOWLEDGEABLE OF AND SENSITIVE TO THENEEDS OF DIVERSE GROUPS.

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________________________________________________________________________________________

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<![if !supportLists]>1.<![endif]>RESEARCHEXISTING EVALUATION METHODS,INCLUDING IN-DEPTH MEETINGS WITH OTHER UNITED WAYS.

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<![if !supportLists]>1.<![endif]>DEVELOP ANDIMPLEMENT A BASE-LINE SURVEYFOR ORGANIZATIONS TO IDENTIFY CURRENT EVALUATION PRACTICES.

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<![if !supportLists]>2.<![endif]>ESTABLISH APROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (PEOD) PROCESS ADVISORY GROUP THAT WILL MEET AT LEAST 10 TIMESTHROUGH THE DURATION OF THE PROJECT.

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<![if !supportLists]>3.<![endif]>ASSESS STATUS OFEVALUATION AT PARTICIPATING ORGANIZATIONS AND DELIVER APPROPRIATEWORKSHOPS GEARED TO THEIR LEVEL OF COMPETENCY.

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<![if !supportLists]>4.<![endif]>DEVELOP A3-YEAR PLAN TO IMPLEMENT OUTCOME MEASUREMENT TRAINING THROUGH VARIOUS METHODS (WORKSHOPS, CUSTOMIZEDCONSULTATION, DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCES ETC.)

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<![if !supportLists]>5.<![endif]>DEVELOPCOMMUNICATION AND DISSEMINATION STRATEGY WITH AGENCIES.

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<![if !supportLists]>6.<![endif]>PROVIDE GENERALEVALUATION WORKSHOPS TOUNITED WAY STAFF.

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<![if !supportLists]>7.<![endif]>DEVELOP ARESOURCE GROUP OF TRAINED VOLUNTEERS WITH EXPERTISE IN EVALUATION TO PROVIDE ONGOING TRAINING.

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<![if !supportLists]>8.<![endif]>REVIEW ANDREVISE PROCESS AND MATERIALS ACCORDING TO WORKSHOPS AND CONSULTATIONS.

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<![if !supportLists]>9.<![endif]>TRAIN UNITEDWAY VOLUNTEERS (CITIZENREVIEW, BOARD, COMMUNITY INVESTMENT CABINET) ON PROGRAM EVALUATION.

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(Video) How To Write a Policy Paper

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FAQs

WRITING A POLICY PAPER? ›

The basic elements of a policy paper include:
  1. Description of the context and importance of the problem. It is helpful to careful define the problem and frame it as a specific question to be answered.
  2. Discussion of a range of policy options. ...
  3. Criteria for judging policy choices. ...
  4. The policy recommendation.

What is included in a policy paper? ›

A policy paper is a research piece focusing on a specific policy issue that provides clear recommendations for policy makers. changing course on a specific policy issue.

How do you start a policy essay? ›

THE FIRST SECTION MUST STATE, DESCRIBE, AND EXPLAIN THE AUTHORITY THAT YOUR CHOSEN GROUP HAS TO DO WHAT YOU SUGGEST. THE SECOND SECTION MUST CONTAIN A SPECIFIC NUMBER OF REASONS (COUNT THEM OUT) SUPPORTING YOUR PROPOSAL. THE PAPER ARGUES THAT THEIR PROPOSED POLICY SHOULD BE ADOPTED FOR A COUNTED NUMBER OF REASONS.

How do you write an abstract for a policy paper? ›

The function of an abstract is to describe, not to evaluate or defend, the paper. The abstract should begin with a brief but precise statement of the problem or issue, followed by a description of the research method and design, the major findings, and the conclusions reached.

What is a policy essay? ›

A policy paper is a brief document in which the results and recommendations of a research are presented to a non-specialized audience. The aim of a policy paper is to analyze large amounts of complex data/information in order to present a short, neutral summary on a specific issue.

How do you structure a policy? ›

How to write policies and procedures
  1. Prioritize a policy list. You can't write every policy at once and some are more important than others, so create a list of policies that need to be done first. ...
  2. Conduct thorough research. ...
  3. Write an initial draft. ...
  4. Validate the procedures.
Dec 18, 2020

What should a policy brief look like? ›

A policy brief presents a concise summary of information that can help readers understand, and likely make decisions about, government policies. Policy briefs may give objective summaries of relevant research, suggest possible policy options, or go even further and argue for particular courses of action.

How do you write a policy template? ›

Policy Writing Guidance
  1. Keep it simple. Policies should be written in plain language – not legalese. ...
  2. Keep it general. Policies cannot contemplate all possible situations. ...
  3. Make it relevant. ...
  4. Check for accuracy and compliance. ...
  5. Ensure the policy can be enforced. ...
  6. Clearly state who does what. ...
  7. Less is more.

How long is a policy brief? ›

Policy briefs can take different formats. A typical format is a single A4 sheet (210 x 297 mm), containing perhaps 700 words. It has an attractive design, and may have one or more photograph. Longer briefs (up to 8 pages, or 3,000 words) and other formats are also possible.

What is the background of a policy? ›

Background, indicating any reasons, history, ethical background statements, and/or intent that led to the creation of the policy, which may be listed as motivating factors.

What is public policy essay? ›

Public Policy Essay

challenge to address concerned issues that affect the public within a given nation is called Public Policy. Public policy is an effort by a government to address a public concerns by establishing rules, guidelines, results, or movements appropriate to the problem at hand.

What are the 8 main components of a policy document? ›

For all compliance-related policy and procedure documents, the following generic policy document template and format is recommended: (1) the header block; (2) the backdrop; (3) the purpose; (4) the scope; (5) the definitions; (6) the policy statements; (7) the processes; (8) the linked policies; and (9) the references/ ...

What are the 3 components of a policy? ›

Writing a Policy: Structure and Components
Component
1A statement of what the organisation seeks to achieve for its clients
2Underpinning principles, values and philosophies
3Broad service objectives which explain the areas in which the organisation will be dealing
4Strategies to achieve each objective
5 more rows

What are the 5 stages of the policy making process? ›

Howlett and Ramesh's model identifies five stages: agenda setting, policy formulation, adoption (or decision making), implementation and evaluation.

What is a policy discussion paper? ›

Policy discussion paper means a paper prepared by Department staff that sets forth the broad policy issues related to a proposed new rule, amendment, or repeal.

Videos

1. Policy|Training - How to write a policy brief
(Public Policy Southampton)
2. Principles of Policy Writing and Writing a Policy Brief
(Population Reference Bureau)
3. CNPR - Art of Writing A Policy Paper
(Center for National Policy Research)
4. Writing Policy Papers
(Global Essays)
5. HOW TO WRITE WHITE PAPERS [The $1,000 Per Page Writing Project]
(AWAI)
6. Policy Research Workshop: Writing and Publishing Policy Papers by Dr.Temy Rivera
(upcids)
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