Youth and Development: Role of social Worker (2022)

When we hear the term Youth, the first thing that comes in our mind, is the energetic group of society who always wants positive change in their own family, community, society, state and overall development of country. They are the change agent of society, who has capacity to change the society. Youth are tomorrow’s leaders, parents, professionals, workers and today’s assets (DFID/Maguire, 2007). The youth is known as the backbone of the country. Youth always talks about development of country. They even complain about the pace of country’s development and desire rapid development. According to United Nation “Youth are those between the age of 15 and 24 year. There are over 1.8 billion young people in the world today, 90 percent of whom live in developing countries, where they tend large proportion of population. (UN Population Division, World Population Prospects: 2008 Revision). So it is necessary that to develop a community or nation all should focus on development of youth. Government should formulate programs, which at least help the youth to achieve their own basic necessities.

Youth are the change agent but unfortunately they are mislead and misused by political parties and marginalized by policy makers. Country and/or government are not able to mobilize large number of youth. The youths are not being used by the nation that’s why India is still facing poverty, unemployment, corruption, suicide, and various kinds of socio-economic problems. In Policies youth are always acknowledged but policy has always been for youth and not about them. Government or state makes so many programs and plans without involvement of youth but those kinds of programs may not be effective for this generation youth. So government and policy maker should include youth to make plan, policies, and programs for themselves. Government must increase the financial, educational, and technical support for youth development. Youth are the group who either help their nation to move forward or stay aback due to the lack of opportunities; lack of employment may lead them to indulge into violent and socially destructive activities (Nandgiri). Healthy development of youth is necessary to develop a nation. It is essential to focus on integrated development of youth.

Characteristics of Youth

There is no any clear cut definition and characteristics of youth because it varies depending on the place, state, countries. It is not easy to define youth because they are the group who has ability to change the shape of the country. No matter which age group they belong to. It is right that all young people need support, guidance, and opportunities during adolescence which is a time of rapid growth and change. With this support they can develop self-assurance and create a healthy, successful life. But if they do not get proper guidance, opportunity and support then it may be the cause of destruction of country. Nowadays we can get so many examples of drug users, alcoholics, and youth involving in crimes. These happen because they do not get proper guidance, they do not get opportunity to express their skills and knowledge and absolute lack of support.

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Youth always wants to contribute for their family, their society, and their nation. They always have positive motivation to do something good for country. The youth always desire for development and expect more opportunity, facility, and so on. The youth are fearless and unstable; it encourages them to be dynamic and useful for nation.

Youth are always known as the backbone of country. James D. Welfenshon, the formal president of the World Bank (2003), stated that “By the year 2015, there will be three billion people under the age of 25.” So we can say that youth are the future leader of country, future professionals of country, future worker for country and also an essential human resource of the country. The countries which have less youth face difficulty to pick up their speed of development because they do not have enough human resources. The youth are risk taker.

According to Inter American Development bank (2009) “young people wants to build stable democracies, sustainable economies and society based on equity.” The statement also proves that the desire of youth is always to bring about a positive change in the society, where everyone is to get equal opportunity to express themselves, equal opportunity to earn and spend. Their ideology is different from that of the elder generations; they are democratic. They want freedom from social evils which hinders development.

Challenges and problems faced by the Youth.

Youth are the backbone of the country. But why India is still lagging behind and is still a developing country? The reason behind this is that there are so many social, economic and political barriers which prevent youth to participate in the development. The youth are not guided properly by their parents, teachers, and relatives due to which they turn towards drugs, alcoholics, and violent activities. Today’s youth are also brain drained by western countries. Western education gives knowledge about their own culture and values which may not be accepted in developing countries like India.

Most of the youth are facing unemployment problems in developing countries. Youth have education degree but they are unemployed, they have skill but they do not get opportunity to express themselves, because the education system is like that the theory and practical is not related in the context of developing country. It does not mean that western education is bad we should take reference but we also should compare the theory on our own perspectives.

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Not only youth but more than 40% of Indian are fighting against poverty in India. There are so many NGOs working to eliminate poverty from root and government also took initiative to eliminate poverty. But without youth development it is not possible to eliminate poverty. It is only possible on paper not in real life. Because of poverty, youth are also facing the challenges on inequality, discrimination. Everyone knows that the young people are not getting more opportunity in leadership or power control matter. The young people are being used by political parties and influential people. They get frustrated on political situation of country and they are waiting for opportunity for job. But if they do not get the opportunity they get psychologically disturbed and start using drugs. So in India, youth are attracted to drugs. Youth are also known as unused resources in current situation. They are neither used by state nor government, and thus losing faith on the Government. That’s why India is also facing the armed violence.

Youth always wants freedom from their parents. They want to choose the path which is directly/indirectly related to nation development. But the elders and parents knowingly or unknowingly, they are creating dependency for youth. Youth are economically, socially dependent on their parents. They get the same status what their parents deserve. Every youth wants their own identity, own status, but the existing society and culture always creates obstacle for them to come out.

Role of social worker to motivate the youth

To develop the youth or to motivate the youth on community development and nation building social worker should use all methods of social work (Social Case Work, Social Group work, Community organization method, social welfare method, social Action method and social work research).

The social worker should focus on youth development programs to develop nation. According to Youth Development Strategies Inc. (2000), what is Youth Development? “Youth Development is a process of human growth through adolescent move from being taken care of to taken care of themselves and others, an approach where policy, funding, and programming are directed at providing supporters to young people as they build their capacities and strengths to meet their personal and social needs; and a set of practices that adults use to provide youth with the types of relationship and experiences needed to fuel healthy development.” According to this definition social worker should understand the youth and social workers should work on to build capacities and strengths to fulfil the individual as well as social desire of youth.

Social workers also should work to promote the social, emotional, spiritual and mental well-being of youth. Lacking these, youth cannot work and think properly. Social worker also should focus on generating opportunities for youth development as well as opportunity to express themselves. Youth are not getting too much opportunity to express themselves and in the context of developing country youth should work under the elders and there they do not get chance to use creativity, they cannot use their potential. So, social worker should provide opportunity to the youth to express and show their potentiality.

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Youth are not getting opportunity to participate in politics, planning, policy making and etc. so social worker should conduct programs and activities to pressurize the authorized sector to provide opportunity for youth to participate in all parts of government and decision-making status.

Social worker should not work on youth but they should work with youth. As a social worker, worker should not feel that they are working for developing the youth capacity but they are working to enhance the potential capacity which all youth have but that may be hidden because they may not get chance to express those hidden potentiality. To enhance the potential capacity of youth social worker should focus on practical knowledge as well as skills where they can use those creativity, skills, and potentialities. Social worker should minimize the activities and knowledge which only gives theoretical aspects.

As everyone have their inherent worth and dignity the same way youth also has. As just social worker works with youth it does not mean that youth know nothing, social worker should respect the opinion and skills of the youth. Even so many things social worker does not know, youth can teach them so many things, so social worker should have ability to accept the uniqueness of individuals.

Besides these, social worker should be able to connect youth with their communities and nation. Nowadays youth are dreaming about western countries and they always want to go abroad. But as a social worker we should convince them that they are the nation builder, without them the nation is nothing. Whatever they can do in western countries same can be done here. Social worker should be able make them feel that how much they are needed and useful for their own communities and nation.

The social worker should conduct research and survey to find-out the needs of youth and the necessities of youth for development and then they should formulate programs which are really relevant with youth.

All youths are leader. Some youth may not know how to lead. Social worker should build the self esteem of youth and should provide training on leadership to develop and enhance their leadership. Social worker themselves might be the role model for youth to make them think about the nation/community development. No any sustainable development is possible if youth are not interested or if youth do not take leadership.

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Last but not the least, a social worker should pressurize the government to take responsibility of youth and make youth accountable and responsible for country.

Amit Kumar Yadav

MSW Ist Year

SSW Roshni Nilaya


What is the role of social worker in social development? ›

Role and responsibilities

Depending on the role and the organization, social workers in the community development field may: Provide counselling to individuals, couples and families. Develop and conduct support groups. Perform community health needs assessments and participate in community health planning.

How do I pass a social work interview? ›

Be prepared and think through your answers before you arrive. Write down your answers and practice in the mirror and with a friend or colleague. Keep your answers brief, usually less than 1 minute. Remember, confidence, quality of presentation and listening are keys to successful interviews.

What are the main roles and responsibilities of a social worker? ›

Their work can involve:
  • visiting clients wherever they are (which could be at home or in, for example, a care home, hospital, hostel or prison)
  • assessing clients' needs.
  • organising support.
  • making referrals to other services and agencies.
  • keeping detailed records.
  • attending meetings.

What is the role of social worker in youth development? ›

Social worker should build the self esteem of youth and should provide training on leadership to develop and enhance their leadership. Social worker themselves might be the role model for youth to make them think about the nation/community development.

What is the most important role of a social worker? ›

The primary mission of the social work profession is to enhance human well-being and help meet basic and complex needs of all people, with a particular focus on those who are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in poverty.

What is your strength as a social worker? ›

A good social worker's top qualities are being non-judgemental, well organized, proactive and an excellent communicator. Example: “I know that being caring and non-judgemental is crucial to building a relationship with clients, and I possess these qualities.

What do you think makes you the best fit for this social worker role? ›

Highlight your skills and qualifications

Consider the following example: "I want to be a social worker so I can apply my skills as a communicator. I love learning about others and helping others find ways to overcome challenges in their lives, so a career in social work is something I feel a calling for.

How do you introduce yourself as a social worker? ›

At the beginning of any first interview, you should identify yourself by name and profession and by agency or departmental affiliation. You might also want to provide formal identification, such as a business card. Encourage each new client to say her or his name, and then try to pronounce it correctly.

What are the five core values of social work? ›

These core values, embraced by social workers throughout the profession's history, are the foundation of social work's unique purpose and perspective:
  • service.
  • social justice.
  • dignity and worth of the person.
  • importance of human relationships.
  • integrity.
  • competence.

What are the six core values of social work? ›

Six core values of the social work profession
  • Service.
  • Social justice.
  • Dignity and worth of the person.
  • Importance of human relationships.
  • Integrity.
  • Competence.

What is the main role of a youth worker? ›

support and mentor young people including carers and people at risk of offending. run projects that focus on issues like health, bullying, crime or drugs. organise activities for young people. work with social workers, teachers, probation officers and the police.

What are the main aims of a youth worker? ›

Seeking to develop young people's skills and attitudes rather than remedy 'problem behaviours'. Helping young people develop stronger relationships and collective identities. Respecting and valuing differences. Promoting the voice of young people.

What are the roles of youth in community development? ›

Youth as Planners — Young people can participate as community planners in community development work. Using education and training, they can learn the skills and knowledge they need, and applying their knowledge they can guide their peers, younger people and adults, too.

How do social workers help individuals? ›

Some social workers help clients who face a disability or a life-threatening disease or a social problem, such as inadequate housing, unemployment, or substance abuse. Social workers also assist families that have serious domestic conflicts, sometimes involving child or spousal abuse.

How do you answer top 3 strengths? ›

When answering, mention what your top strengths are, provide examples on how you've used them in the past, and finally, describe the results you've gotten. Be super specific with your answers. Don't just say “I'm good at X” - really dive deep and give the interviewer a comprehensive answer.

What motivates you to be a social worker? ›

A high percentage of social workers have faced their own challenges, among them poverty, violence, discrimination and mental health issues, and they choose to be a social worker because they want to use those experiences to make a difference in the lives of others.

What makes you the best fit for this role best answer? ›

“Honestly, I possess all the skills and experience that you're looking for. I'm pretty confident that I am the best candidate for this job role. It's not just my background in the past projects, but also my people skills, which will be applicable in this position.

What makes you a perfect fit for this role * Your answer? ›

"I believe my skill set, expertise and knowledge of the industry qualify me for this role. First, my time as a manager has helped me develop excellent leadership and teamwork skills.

Why are you a great fit for this role answer? ›

When describing your strengths and accomplishments that make you a good fit for the position, provide quantifiable examples of each. For example, rather than saying that you have strong communication skills, describe an example in which you used your communication skills to solve a problem in the workplace.

How can I improve my social work skills? ›

How to improve social work skills
  1. Make a list of your current skill set. Evaluate your current skills to learn more about how comfortable you feel, and to identify abilities you want to develop. ...
  2. Ask for feedback. ...
  3. Practice. ...
  4. Take courses online.

How do social workers engage with clients? ›

Attending behavior, empathetic listening, paraphrasing, reflecting feelings, clarifying, using open-ended and closed-ended questions, using silence, and summarising are basic micro-skills that social workers need to muster (and master) when engaging clients.

What are the skills of social workers? ›

Top Skills Needed to be a Social Worker
  • Active Listening. Active listening skills show that you are engaged in the conversation and genuinely care about hearing what the other person has to say. ...
  • Critical Thinking. ...
  • Information Gathering. ...
  • Organization. ...
  • Time Management. ...
  • Boundary Setting. ...
  • Empathy. ...
  • Communication.
4 Mar 2021

What are the importance of social services? ›

Social services are intended to aid disadvantaged, vulnerable, and distressed individuals and families. The basic concerns of social services and welfare are to help with poverty, disability, and disease. Mainly the most important recipients of social services are children and parents.

What are the 4 goals of social work? ›

Assess Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities. Intervene with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities. Evaluate Practice with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities. Develop Liberatory Consciousness.

What is good social work practice? ›

Good social work practice is based on a person-centred, systematic, evidence based, analytical and reflective approach. Sound professional judgement and decision making are vital and underpin all aspects of practice.

Why is it important to know the responsibilities of a social worker? ›

As a social worker, your primary responsibility will be to help your clients solve problems. To do that well requires a great deal of sensitivity, but also the ability to synthesize information, and to really understand what is underlying your client's needs. That requires solid communication skills.

What is the heart of social work? ›

Professional ethics are at the heart of social work, and the NASW Code of Ethics provides values, principles and standards to help set a standard for social workers' behavior.

What to answer when they say tell me about yourself? ›

Your answer to the "tell me about yourself" question should describe your current situation, your past job experience, the reason you're a good fit for the role, and how you align with the company values. Tell the interviewer about your current position and a recent big accomplishment or positive feedback you received.

How do you introduce yourself? ›

A self-introduction should include your name and occupation (or desired occupation) and key facts that will help you make an impression on the person you're communicating with. In a few sentences, cover the most important things others need to know about you.

How can I introduce myself in English? ›

You can use the below phrases to introduce yourself:
  1. I don't think we've met (before).
  2. I think we've already met.
  3. My name is ...
  4. I'm ...
  5. Nice to meet you; I'm ...
  6. Pleased to meet you; I'm ...
  7. Let me introduce myself; I'm ...
  8. I'd like to introduce myself; I'm ...
1 Sept 2021

What is your weakness best answer? ›

Answer “what is your greatest weakness” by choosing a skill that is not essential to the job you're applying to and by stressing exactly how you're practically addressing your weakness. Some skills that you can use as weaknesses include impatience, multitasking, self-criticism, and procrastination.

What are the 10 most common interview questions and answers? ›

10 most common interview questions and answers
  • Tell me about yourself.
  • What attracted you to our company?
  • Tell me about your strengths.
  • What are your weaknesses?
  • Where do you see yourself in five years?
  • Tell me about a time where you encountered a business challenge?

Why would you be a good fit for this position? ›

For starters, I have all the skills and experience listed in the job description, and I'm confident that I can make an immediate impact on your company. It's not just my background in leading successful projects for Fortune 500 companies, but also my passion for the industry that drives me to succeed.

What is your strength best answer? ›

When answering, mention what your top strengths are, provide examples on how you've used them in the past, and finally, describe the results you've gotten. Be super specific with your answers. Don't just say “I'm good at X” - really dive deep and give the interviewer a comprehensive answer.

How do you handle stress and pressure? ›

2. Commit to a Positive Attitude
  1. Decide what you can do. Pinpoint which parts of the situation you have the power to change or influence for the better. ...
  2. Get support. Find someone to talk to about your situation. ...
  3. Care for yourself. Take especially good care of yourself when stress in your life is high.

What are my strengths example? ›

My strengths are that I am a smart and hard working person. I am investigating limited time and working smarter but I am doing my best 100% also I am an enthusiastic team player. I am always enthusiastic about any new task. My weakness is I can trust easily.


1. Young people’s relationships with their social workers | Social Work Week 2021
(Social Work England)
2. 5 Youth Worker Interview Questions with Answer Examples
(Mock Questions)
3. BA (Hons) Youth Work and Community Development (JNC)
(Leeds Beckett)
4. Rad, Youth Social Worker
(University of Auckland | Waipapa Taumata Rau)
5. 8 Stages of Development by Erik Erikson
6. World Social Work Day 2018 - social work, youth and volunteering
(UN Volunteers)

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